Lumpectomy Surgery in Tardeo, Mumbai
The surgical procedure is the most prevalent treatment for breast cancer. Surgeons treat breast cancer in the initial stages through a lumpectomy. It is a procedure that assists in treating women affected by breast cancer. Lumpectomy aims to remove the breast lump and some healthy tissue surrounding the tumor. When paired with postoperative radiation therapy, lumpectomy is as beneficial as a mastectomy in curing breast cancer. Lumpectomy may help you preserve more of your breast’s natural shape and appearance after cancer treatment.
What is a Lumpectomy?
A lumpectomy also involves the removal of a tiny quantity of healthy breast tissue surrounding a malignant tumor. Surgeons most commonly perform a lumpectomy to treat small, initial stage breast cancer tumors in women. Lumpectomy recovery is easy for most patients. The recovery time is about a month. Your surgeon may also remove lymph nodes to see if cancer has spread. Your surgeon may examine the tissue to see if it has malignant cells. In addition, your surgeon may remove multiple lymph nodes to test for malignant cells. If your surgeon finds malignant cells in the tissue sample or lymph nodes, he may go for extra surgery or therapy. Lumpectomy has surpassed radical mastectomy as the recommended surgical treatment because it preserves the breast’s natural appearance and aesthetic quality. It removes malignancy and a small margin of normal breast tissue. A surgical oncologist, a specialist who specializes in cancer surgery, performs a lumpectomy.
What are the Two Types of Lumpectomy Surgeries?
- Sentinel node biopsy
- Axillary lymph node surgical method
What Procedures and Tests are Necessary for the Patient Before Lumpectomy Surgery?
- Before performing a lumpectomy, the surgeon will examine the patient and perform mammography, an X-ray film of the soft breast tissues.
- Before the lumpectomy, your surgeon may perform a breast MRI scan to determine whether there is another disease in the same or opposite breast that may affect the current lumpectomy.
- Before the procedure of lumpectomy, your surgeon will perform biopsy tests on your breast to collect tissue samples. He may also collect blood and urine samples for further pathological examination.
- If the breast tumor site is not detectable, the doctor will use a thin wire or similar equipment and an X-ray film or ultrasound to confirm the tumor’s location.
What Happens During Lumpectomy Surgery, and How Long Does it Take?
- Your surgeon can perform a lumpectomy under hygienic conditions while they sedate you with a local anesthetic to numb the surgical site, or you may be under general anesthesia.
- When you are ready, the surgeon will make the incision with a heated scalpel that cauterizes (burns) your tissue, restricting bleeding. They craft the incision to simulate the natural shape of your breast, allowing it to heal.
- Your surgeon will open the skin and identify the tissue to remove. The surgeon will check the lumps to discover the affected tissue.
- Next, your surgeon makes an incision over the targeted tumor or around the areola. If the tumor is accessible from that location, your surgeon removes the tumor and a tiny layer of tissue surrounding the tumor.
- The principal aim is to remove the tumor and surrounding tissue while causing minor damage to the breast.
- However, your surgeon may remove enough tissue (for testing) to identify if cancer has spread or if it contains a tumor.
- Your surgeon may make a secondary incision near the underarm to sample or remove axillary lymph nodes, which are then examined for malignant cells.
- The lumpectomy procedure normally takes between one and two hours.
How Long Does it Take to Recover from a Lumpectomy?
- Following a lumpectomy, your surgeons will send you to a surgical recovery room for a brief period until you are stable. They discharge most women from the hospital or clinic the same day, with instructions for home care. But some women are required to stay in the hospital for one to two days, depending on their health conditions.
- Your surgeon will place a greater emphasis on infection prevention and will provide home care recommendations.
- During the first 24 hours, surgeons will put an ice bag on top of the bandages covering the incision to ease any discomfort.
- Most women can resume routine activities within two to four days.
What are the Risk Factors and Drawbacks of Undergoing a Lumpectomy?
- Infection, bleeding, and tissue damage in the surrounding area.
- Although there are some hazards connected with general anesthesia, they are uncommon.
- A scar on the breast may be noticeable.
- Underarm nerve injury or loss of sensation.
- Arm vein inflammation and arm skin inflammation are also possible.
- Being a woman and getting older are the two most significant risk factors. Most breast cancers that surgeons diagnose are in women above 50 years.
When Should You Call Your Doctor, Especially After a Lumpectomy?
Call your doctor right away if you encounter any of these symptoms or signs following a lumpectomy.
- Infection symptoms include swelling, redness, and discomfort.
- Persistent and severe pain that becomes increasingly unbearable.
- Excessive bleeding or fluid discharge.
- Shortness of breath or chest pain.
- Fever, loose motion, nausea, or vomiting.
- Infection symptoms or fluid buildup in the underarm.
We recommend you consult your doctor in such situations.
Request an appointment at Apollo Spectra Hospitals, Tardeo, Mumbai,
Call 1860 555 1066 to book an appointment.
A surgical oncologist, a cancer surgery specialist, performs lumpectomy surgery. The goal of a lumpectomy is to extract the breast lump and some additional healthy tissue surrounding the tumor. Over ten years, the success rate of lumpectomy is over 82 percent.
A re-excision lumpectomy is a second surgery that some women undergo when their pathology results show cancer cells in the margins. Re-excision shows that the surgeon reopens the surgical site to remove an additional margin of tissue to get a cancer-free margin. Surgeons referred to it as “clearing the margins.”
The skin around the incision may feel stiff, puffy, tender, and bruised. Tenderness should go away in 2 to 3 days, and bruising should go away in 2 weeks. Swelling and firmness might remain for 3 to 6 months. You may notice a soft lump in your breast that hardens.
Lumpectomy and radiation resulted in a 10-year survival rate of 83.2 percent. The 10-year survival rate after a single mastectomy is 79.9%. Double mastectomy has a 10-year survival rate of 81.2 percent.