Enlarged Prostate Treatment (BPH) Treatment & Diagnostics in Tardeo, Mumbai
Enlarged Prostate Treatment (BPH)
The prostate is a walnut-shaped gland found in men and is located just below the urinary bladder. The gland is responsible for nourishing the semen with the seminal or prostate fluid, keeping the semen’s liquid state intact and transporting sperm.
Enlargement of the prostate gland is normal as men get older. However, in some cases, the size becomes abnormal and starts causing trouble to the nearby tissues and organs. This abnormal condition is called Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia (BPH) or prostate gland enlargement.
What Is BPH?
Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia is a condition in which older men suffer from an abnormally enlarged prostate gland. The enlarged gland starts causing trouble to the nearby tissues and organs. You will commonly experience issues like:
- Discomfort while passing urine
- Blockage in the urethra
- Problems in your urinary tract or kidneys
To seek treatment, you can visit any of the urology hospitals in Mumbai. Or you can search online for a urology doctor near me.
What causes BPH?
There is no definitive known cause for BPH apart from age. Men with a family history of prostate gland issues are at a higher risk of developing BPH. Fluctuations in your sex hormones also increase your chances of having enlarged prostate glands.
What are the symptoms of BPH?
Though the symptoms may be mild initially, you should watch out for these:
- Incomplete emptying of the bladder
- Nocturia, the need to urinate twice or more every night
- Dribbling after urination
- Urine leakage
- Strain while passing urine
- Urinary stream is thin and weak
- Uncontrollable urge to urinate
- Infrequent urine passage
- Pain during urination
- Blood in your urine
In rare cases, you may also develop a urinary tract infection.
When You Should See A Doctor
If you see any of the above symptoms, you must consult a doctor immediately. Though the doctor may suspect other health conditions with some common symptoms, it’s worth getting yourself checked and eliminating any risks.
You can request an appointment at Apollo Spectra Hospitals, Tardeo, Mumbai.
Call 1860 500 2244 to book an appointment.
How is BPH diagnosed?
If your doctor suspects that you may be suffering from enlarged prostate glands, these are the set of confirmatory tests he/she may recommend:
- Urinalysis to check the urine for the presence of blood and bacteria
- Prostatic biopsy to check for any abnormalities in your prostate by analyzing a sample tissue under a microscope
- Prostate-specific Antigen (PSA) test, a blood test to check for cancer
- Cystoscopy examines your urethra and your bladder by inserting a camera through your urethra
- Urodynamic test to fill your bladder with a liquid with the help of catheters and analyze the pressure from your bladder while passing urine
- Post-void residual to test the amount of urine left in your bladder after passing urine
- Intravenous pyelography or urography, an X-ray scan of your urinary system after injecting a dye into your body. The dye shows any blockages or abnormal growth in the X-ray scan report.
Additionally, the doctor will also:
- Conduct a physical examination
- Enquire about your family history
- Check your medical history
- Ask you about any medication you take that could be affecting your urinary system
What are the treatment options for BPH?
Treatment options for BPH may range from medications to minimally invasive surgeries and therapies. The best treatment for you is what your doctor recommends, what you prefer, and:
- Size of your prostate
- Your age
- Your health condition
- Level of discomfort or pain you feel
Treating your BPH with the help of drugs and medicines involves using medications that your doctor recommends to get rid of your BPH and BPH symptoms. These include:
Alpha-1 blockers are muscle relaxers to remove any stress on the muscles around your urinary bladder and prostate. The mouth of the bladder feels relaxed and ensures better flow of urine through it.
Hormone Balance Medications
Using hormone-correctors reduces levels of certain hormones like dutasteride and finasteride in the body, which can make your prostate grow smaller and facilitate better urine flow. However, such medicines could have other implications like lower libido and impotence.
When your prostate is chronically inflamed due to the presence of bacteria, the doctor may recommend antibiotics. The medicines will reduce your inflammation. However, they are unsuccessful in treating BPH not caused by bacteria.
- Transurethral Needle Ablation (TUNA) A procedure in which the surgeon will pass radio waves to scar and shrink your prostate tissues.
- Transurethral Microwave Therapy (TUMT) A procedure in which prostate tissues are eliminated using microwave energy.
- Water-induced Thermotherapy (WIT) A procedure in which the surgeon uses hot water to eradicate the excess prostate tissues.
- High-intensity Focused Ultrasonography (HIFU) A procedure in which excess prostate tissues are eliminated using sonic energy.
- Transurethral Resection of the Prostate (TURP) The most common procedure to treat BPH is TURP. In this method, the surgeon will insert tools through your urethra and remove the prostate gland piece by piece.
- Simple Prostatectomy A procedure in which the surgeon makes an incision through your abdomen and removes the inner part of your prostate, leaving the outer part intact.
If left untreated, BPH can lead to several complications. Consult your doctor and opt for the right method of treatment at the earliest.
BPH is very different from prostate cancer. Cancer is a far more serious condition, where malignant cells form in and around the prostate glands.
If left untreated, BPH can lead to:
- Kidney stones
- Kidney damage
- Bleeding in your urinary tract
- Urinary tract infection
No. Do not take any medicines without consulting your doctor first. They will prescribe medication after considering several factors.