Endoscopy Treatment & Diagnostics in Sadashiv Peth, Pune
Endoscopy refers to a non-surgical procedure wherein with the use of an endoscope, a long and thin tube with a connected light and camera, the hollow organs, particularly the digestive tract of a person are examined. There may be many types of endoscopes that can be used. While performing endoscopy, the endoscope, being minimally invasive, is directly inserted into the organ through the opening of the mouth or anus, and can also be inserted in the body through small incisions in the knee or abdomen. Endoscopy done through incisions is known as keyhole surgery. Endoscopy can be used for minor surgeries, imaging, investigation, confirmation, and treatment. It can be used to remove tumors or polyps from the digestive tract. The procedure of endoscopy is relatively quick and safe.
Endoscopy can be recommended to examine the following:
- Growths in colon
- Digestive tract
- Chronic constipation
- Fallopian tube
Endoscopy may be recommended by the doctor if the following symptoms are visible:
- Digestive tract issues
- Inflammatory bowel condition
- Stomach ulcer
- Blood passing with urine
- Unusual bleeding through vagina
- Ulcerative colitis
- Blockage in esophagus
- Hiatal hernia
Types of endoscopies
- Arthroscopy: used to examine the joints.
- Bronchoscopy: used to examine the lungs
- Colonoscopy: used to examine the colon.
- Cystoscopy: used to examine the bladder.
- Enteroscopy: used to examine the small intestine.
- Hysteroscopy: used to examine areas inside of the uterus.
- Laparoscopy: used to examine the pelvic or abdominal area.
- Laryngoscopy: used to examine the larynx.
- Mediastinoscopy: used to examine the areas between the lungs.
- Sigmoidoscopy: used to examine the rectum.
- Thoracoscopy: used to examine the areas between the lungs and chest wall.
- Esophagogastroduodenoscopy: used to examine the esophagus and upper intestinal tract.
- Ureteroscopy: used to examine the ureter.
For undergoing the procedure of endoscopy, the person is usually required to fast for around 12 hours or less depending on the type of endoscopy, before the procedure.
Sedation is usually given to the patient to make it a little comfortable and painless to undergo the procedure. The usual anesthesia is given only during planned, complex procedures.
The procedure of endoscopy depends mainly on the reason for which it is performed. Endoscopy may be needed to remove the tumors or gallstones, repairing stomach ulcers, performing an endoscopic biopsy, and examine and investigate other abnormal symptoms in the body. An endoscope is used to examine, investigate, and treat these conditions through direct invasion of the long, thin tube through openings such as the mouth or anus, or an incision can be made to perform the procedure. Endoscopy is generally performed with the person being conscious and anesthesia is given only in certain complex cases, mainly involving children.
Being a medical procedure, however safe, endoscopy may be accompanied by certain risks such as infection, bleeding, fever, pain in the chest, bloating, mild cramps, swelling, and redness around the incision area, perforation, persistent pain around the area where endoscopy was performed. These risks depend on the condition of the patient, the type of endoscopy performed, and the location of the endoscopy.
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The cost of endoscopy in India ranges from Rs 1000/- to Rs 3000/- depending on the type of endoscopy performed.
Endoscopy is a quick and safe procedure although there may be some potential complications present such as infection, bleeding reaction of the sedation, or perforation.
Gastroenterology specialists, also known as gastroenterologists, are the ones who usually perform the procedure of endoscopy. Gastrointestinal surgeons may also perform the endoscopy procedure.