Lymph node Biopsy Treatment & Diagnostics in Sadashiv Peth, Pune
Lymph node Biopsy
Lymph makes up for the immune system of the body. Lymph nodes make up for the part of the system of the body, referred to as Lymph or Lymphatic system. As the lymph features the immune system, lymph nodes perform the function of providing antibodies to fight various types of infections that may enter the body. There is no particular location that can e assigned to lymph nodes. They can be found around the neck, belly, chest, and a few other areas as well. You may need to undergo a lymph node biopsy if the doctor finds the possibility of cancer being present in the body. It can also help treat and analyze other lymph-related illnesses.
What are the Types of Nymph Node Biopsies and How are They Performed?
Generally, a lymph node biopsy is a procedure wherein a lymph node from the affected part of the body is removed and sent to the laboratory for tests. There are various types of lymph node biopsies can that be performed depending on the requirement.
- Sentinel biopsy – one of the categories of the lymph node is a sentinel lymph node. They are most prone to catching the infection of cancer. In the process of sentinel lymph node biopsy, sentinel lymph nodes from near the already affected area of the body are removed for testing the spread of cancer. Radioactive waves or radioactive procedures can be used by doctors to find the sentinel nodes. Thereafter, they are removed for a sample and sent for a test.
- Fine needle biopsy – this procedure is performed with the help of a thin needle. The needle is used to collect sample fluids and cells from lymph nodes which can thereafter be sent to the laboratory for further evaluation.
- Core needle biopsy – this procedure requires a larger and thicker needle than the one required in the fine needle procedure. This enlarger needle allows for the collection of tissues along with the fluids and cells from the lymph nodes. This helps extract more information.
- Open lymph node surgery or biopsy – this procedure requires the doctor to make an incision around the affected part to remove the entire lymph node. The incision made is thereafter closed with the help of stitches.
All these procedures are either performed under general anesthesia or local anesthesia as preferred by the doctor.
What are the benefits of Lymph Node Biopsy?
The lymph node biopsy is considered to be a safe procedure. It may involve minimal pain and bleeding. The recovery time does not last very long and you can get back to your daily schedule with the next day only in most cases. The procedure proves beneficial in checking the spread of cancer and evaluating and treating enlarged lymph nodes with other related ailments.
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What are the Side Effects of Lymph Node Biopsy?
Generally taken up as a safe procedure, lymph node biopsies do come along with certain risk factors, such as:
- Unexpected excessive bleeding.
- The affected or the treated area may become tender
- There may be a possibility of spread of infection
- The nerves surrounding the affected area may get damaged.
Who are the Right Candidates for Lymph Node Biopsy?
The doctor may find you right for undergoing a lymph-node biopsy if you suffer from any of the following types of cancer and its spread is possible.
- Breast cancer,
- Colon cancer,
- Cancer affecting the abdominal area,
- Skin cancer, mainly including the condition of melanoma.
Lymph node biopsy does not require a long duration for recovery. Although, in case of any side effects or in an open biopsy, it may take the patient around two weeks to recover.
Lymph node biopsies are generally performed either under general anesthesia or local anesthesia, therefore you may not feel any pain during the procedure. Although, there may be some pain or bleeding after the completion of the procedure.