Thyroid clinic in Chennai
At Apollo Spectra, our surgeons are renowned for their treatment of disorders related to the thyroid gland. From diagnosing the condition to the treatment of one, we provide the most effective treatment for your thyroid condition.
It plays a very important role in your endocrine system. Secreted by the thyroid glands, the thyroid hormones once released into the bloodstream, improve metabolism and growth of the body. It also helps in maintaining the temperature of the body. The brain controls the functioning of thyroid gland via the pituitary gland. In the case of infants and children, the right amount of thyroid hormone is essential for the development of the brain.
Goiter is a term for thyroid swelling. Usually, they are harmless and are caused by iron deficiency. Another reason for Goiter is Hashimoto’s thyroiditis (thyroid inflammation). The inflammation is caused due to an autoimmune condition or a viral infection.
This is caused by the low production of thyroid hormone. Autoimmune diseases can cause damage to the thyroid resulting in hypothyroidism.
- Graves Disease
It is an autoimmune condition in which the overstimulated thyroid produces excessive thyroid hormones resulting in hyperthyroidism.
- Thyroid Storm
This is an extremely rare case of hyperthyroidism. In this, the thyroid hormones reach an extremely high level that can result in severe illness.
- Thyroid Nodule
Thyroid nodules are the overgrowths of tissues in the thyroid gland. Most of the times, these are benign, but in some cases, the nodules can be cancerous. These nodules can either be solid tissues or filled with blood or other fluids. Usually, they don’t showcase any symptoms. But, if the tissues start producing an excess of thyroxine and triiodothyronine, the following symptoms can be seen:
- Rapid Heart rate
- Hair loss
- Hand trembling and sweating
- Irritability and moodiness
- Sensitivity to high temperatures
- Missed menstrual periods
- Weight loss
The cause of the nodules can often remain unknown. It might be genetic or caused due to iodine deficiency. In some rare cases, cancer can cause this overgrowth of tissue.
- Thyroid Cancer
Thyroid cancer is caused when the abnormal cells in the thyroid begin to multiply and form a tumor.
It is one of the most treatable forms of cancer. There are four main types of thyroid cancer:
- Papillary thyroid cancer
This is the most common type of thyroid cancer. It spreads to the lymph nodes present in the neck.
- Follicular thyroid cancer
It is the next most common thyroid cancer. It spreads into your lymph nodes and blood vessels.
- Medullary cancer
This type of cancer can be detected at an early stage as it produces a hormone named calcitonin that can be easily detected in a blood test.
- Anaplastic thyroid cancer
This is the most severe type of thyroid cancer. It is very aggressive in spreading. It is also hard to treat.
There is no clear reason as to why people get thyroid cancer. But there are some reasons that raise the odds of getting it including inherited genetic syndrome, iodine deficiency, and radiation exposure.
- Papillary thyroid cancer
Hyperthyroidism is a condition of the thyroid in which the gland produces an excess of thyroid hormones. There are a number of conditions that can cause hyperthyroidism. Graves’ disease is the most common one. In this, the antibodies stimulate the gland to produce too much hormone. Other causes may include excess iodine, inflammation of the thyroid, tumors of testes or ovaries. Hyperthyroidism can result in elevated blood pressure, hand tremors and rapid heart rate. You will sweat a lot and have weight loss, frequent bowel movements, and irregular menstrual cycles.
- Transoral Endoscopic Thyroidectomy
It is a surgical procedure that removes the node from the thyroid gland without any visible incisions. During the procedure, an endoscopic camera is inserted underneath the lower lip by making small incisions. So, no incision is made in the neck.
- Robotic-assisted thyroid surgery
In this minimally invasive surgical procedure, the thyroid gland is accessed through an incision made under the arm. Another incision is made in the chest. A 3D camera and robotic instruments are used to minimize the risks and increase the effectiveness of the procedure.
- Endoscopic Transaxillary thyroid surgery
This procedure is used for partial or total thyroid removal for Graves’ disease or early stage thyroid cancer. In this, an incision is made under the arm, so that the scar is not visible.
- Mini-incision thyroid surgery
This technique uses endoscopic procedure and video assistance to remove the thyroid. To minimize the visibility, a small incision of about 2-4 cm or 1 inch is made along the natural creases in the neck’s skin.
- Thyroid Surgery under local anesthesia
In this, a light sedative is administered to minimize pain and ensure a quick recovery. It was a very common technique until the improvements were made in general anesthesia. Now, local anesthesia is used on patients who are too ill to undergo general anesthesia.
- Intraoperative nerve monitoring
This requires the use of electrophysiological methods to ensure that during the surgery, the functional integrity of neural structures is maintained. It reduces the risk of iatrogenic damage and provides functional guidance to the surgeon and anesthesiologist.
- Lymph Node Excision
Advanced thyroid cancers, which spread to the adjacent lymph nodes, require lymph node excision. It cures and prevents any cancer recurrence. The surgery eliminated the cause of the condition.