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Abnormal Menstruations

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Best Abnormal Menstruations Treatment & Diagnostics in Alwarpet, Chennai

Menstruation or menstrual cycle is the vaginal bleeding in women as the body prepares itself every month for pregnancy. In the absence of pregnancy, the lining of blood vessels in the uterus sheds off leading to bleeding. The menstrual cycle occurs every 28 days in women lasting for 4-7 days. As a result of many hormonal changes or lifestyle disorders, many women suffer from abnormal menstruations. This results in several bodily changes, pain and prolonged menstruation. The condition when menstruation is excessively prolonged, heavy or irregular is termed menorrhagia.

What are abnormal menstruations?

Abnormal menstruation disrupts the menstrual cycle which is of less than 21 days or more than 35 days. Many women suffer from heavier or lighter bleeding than usual accompanied by pain, cramps, nausea or vomiting. There could be many reasons for the same, including fibroids, birth control pills, endometriosis or PCOS. 

To seek treatment, you can consult a gynecology doctor near you or visit a gynecology hospital near you.

What are the types of abnormal menstruations?

  1. Amenorrhea – This condition occurs when even in the absence of pregnancy, breastfeeding, or menopause, a woman in the reproductive phase of life has not started menstruating.
  2. Dysmenorrhea – This refers to a severely painful menstruation.
  3. Oligomenorrhea – In this condition, the menstrual cycle occurs infrequently.

What are the symptoms of abnormal menstruations?

  1. Menstruation lasting for more than 7 days
  2. Heavy bleeding
  3. Blood clot more than 2.5 cm in menstrual flow
  4. No menstruation for more than 90 days even without pregnancy
  5. Severe pain, cramp, nausea, vomiting and diarrhea
  6. Bleeding in between 2 menstrual cycles, after menopause or following sex
  7. Vaginal discharge with foul smell

What causes abnormal menstruations?

Sometimes gain or loss of a significant amount of weight and hormonal imbalance can increase the chances of abnormal menstruation. Other reasons for the same could be:

  1. Uterine polyps or fibroids – This means non-cancerous growth in the lining of the uterus 
  2. Endometriosis – It occurs when the endometrial tissue that lines the uterus starts growing outside the uterus and might get attached to the ovaries or fallopian tubes.
  3. Pelvic inflammatory disease – It is a bacterial infection affecting the female reproductive system. 
  4. Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS) – In PCOS, several small, fluid-filled sacs or cysts develop in the ovaries. 
  5. Lack of ovulation or anovulation 
  6. Adenomyosis – This condition occurs due to embedding of glands of uterine lining into uterine muscles, and thus resulting in heavy bleeding. 
  7. Birth control pills 
  8. Cervical cancer or uterine cancer
  9. Miscarriage or ectopic pregnancy

When do you need to see a doctor?

If you suffer from severe pain during menstruation or between menstruations along with unusually heavy bleeding, high fever, foul vaginal discharge, nausea and vomiting, then you must consult a gynecologist near you. 

Request an appointment at Apollo Spectra Hospitals, Alwarpet, Chennai.

Call 1860 500 2244 to book an appointment.

What are the risk factors?

  1. Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome
  2. Thyroid disorder
  3. Cervical or uterine cancer
  4. Endometriosis
  5. Pelvic inflammatory diseases

How are abnormal menstruations prevented?

With the help of the following measures, you can prevent abnormal menstruations:

  1. Maintain a healthy lifestyle and eat nutritious food
  2. Take enough rest and practice relaxation techniques
  3. Avoid strenuous sports activities
  4. Change sanitary pads after every 4-6 hours
  5. Use contraceptive pills prescribed by a doctor

What is the treatment for abnormal menstruations?

In some women, risks related to abnormal menstruations can be reduced by some treatments that initially focus on the regulation of menstruation. Some of those treatments include:

  1. By supplementing hormones like estrogen and progesterone, it can create hormonal balance in your body and control heavy bleeding. 
  2. Your doctor can prescribe pain relievers like ibuprofen to provide you relief from cramps.
  3. Myomectomy is a surgical procedure to remove fibroids.
  4. Anemia can be cured by supplementing with iron-containing medications.
  5. Dilation and curettage (D&C) procedures dilate your cervix and tissues from the lining of the uterus are scraped. 
  6. In women with a risk of uterine cancer, hysterectomy is performed leading to surgical removal of the uterus and the cervix.
  7. Endometrial ablation and endometrial resection are the procedures to destroy and remove uterine lining respectively. 

Conclusion

Many women still suffer from abnormal menstruation and don’t get themselves diagnosed earlier. During the initial years of puberty, it doesn’t lead to complications but if this continues in later reproductive years, proper treatment becomes necessary. 

Source

https://www.medicalnewstoday.com/articles/178635#causes

https://www.healthline.com/health/menstrual-periods-heavy-prolonged-or-irregular

https://my.clevelandclinic.org/health/diseases/14633-abnormal-menstruation-periods

https://www.mayoclinic.org/healthy-lifestyle/womens-health/in-depth/menstrual-cycle/art-20047186

What are the risks associated with abnormal menstruation?

The risks include headaches, anemia, severe painful cramps, dizziness, shortness of breath, rapid heart rate.

How can I reduce the risk of abnormal menstruation?

If you lead a healthy lifestyle by limiting calorie intake and a balanced diet and consume only prescribed contraceptive pills, you can reduce the risk of abnormal menstruation.

What do you mean by amenorrhea?

It is a condition in which menstruation stops completely in the reproductive phase of women even during the absence of pregnancy, breastfeeding or menopause.

When should I start worrying about irregular periods?

If your menstrual cycle is taking more than 35 days or less than 21 days every month and you are under 45, then you must visit a gynecologist near you.

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