Vascular surgery is done to treat vascular diseases with severe and complex problems of the blood vessels and lymph system. Vascular surgery also involves the diagnosis of arterial, venous, and lymphatic systems disorders. A vascular surgeon needs to be highly skilled in treating and diagnosing vascular conditions.
What Do We Need to Know About Vascular Surgery?
Vascular surgery is a broader term. There are different vascular surgeries for other body parts. These surgeries are performed based on vascular disorders. For example, procedures like bypass surgery, Endovascular reconstruction, Thrombectomy, Vein removal, Carotid angioplasty, and stenting come under this category.
Who Qualifies for a Vascular Surgery?
People with vascular disorders need vascular surgery. Depending upon your diseases and the severity, your doctor will decide the best fit procedure for you. Some of the vascular disorders are:
- Aortic ulcers
- Aortic aneurysm
- Blood clots
- Carotid artery disease
- Deep vein occlusions
- Varicose veins
- Deep vein thrombosis
- Fibromuscular dysplasia
- Marfan syndrome
- Intestinal ischemia
- Vascular infections
- Venous or arterial tumors
- Venous leg swelling
- Vertebral artery disease
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Why Do We Need to Have Vascular Surgery?
Vascular surgery is done when medication and lifestyle changes are no longer effective. Significant causes of vascular surgery are vascular diseases caused by an obstruction in the flow of blood either due to blood clots or hardening of the arteries or any other damage to the blood vessels. Vascular disorders can affect anyone, but older people are at a higher risk of developing such conditions.
Different Types of Vascular Surgeries
Vascular Surgeries are of mainly two types:
- Open surgery: It is the traditional approach. Used when conditions are extreme.
- Endovascular surgery: It is performed in the initial stages of severity and involves small incisions and has a short recovery period.
Advantages of Vascular Procedures
Vascular procedures can give you permanent relief from your sufferings caused by vascular disorders. It prevents heart strokes—no more pain and discomfort in the legs and affected areas.
Endovascular surgery has many additional advantages like:
- Shorter recovery time
- Less scarring
- Small incisions
- Fewer complications.
Possible Complications Associated With Vascular Surgeries
- Allergic reaction toward anesthesia
- Blood clotting
- Pulmonary embolism
- Heart attack
- Bacterial or fungal infections
- Injury to the nearby organs
- Chest pain and difficulty in breathing
- Damage to the surrounding nerves and blood vessels
- In rare cases, kidney failure, artery bursts, or paralysis can occur.
Vascular surgeons or general surgeons perform these surgeries except those of the coronary arteries and intracranial arteries and veins.
Your doctor will give you specific instructions before the scheduled date. Patients are not allowed to eat 8 hours before the surgery. If on blood thinners, then you need to stop them. Do not shave the nearby or surgical areas before surgery.
Open surgery: Almost ten days of hospitalization post-surgery and two to three months to fully recover. Endovascular surgery: Generally two days of hospitalization and four to six weeks of recovery.