Gynecology Cancer Treatment & Diagnostics in Alwarpet, Chennai
The term, gynecological cancer, defines the various types of cancer that may occur in your reproductive organs as well as in genitals. It may include the cancer of reproductive parts like the vulva, vagina, cervix, uterus, fallopian tubes and ovaries.
A screening test for some types of gynecological cancers may not always be conclusive. Therefore, you should be aware of the common signs and symptoms of gynaecological cancer or any other bodily changes that may lead to such conditions.
To know more, consult a gynecology doctor near you or visit a gynecology hospital in Chennai.
What are the types of gynecological cancer?
- Uterine cancer
- Cervical cancer
- Ovarian cancer
- Vulvar cancer
- Vaginal cancer
- Gestational trophoblastic tumor
What are the common symptoms that may indicate gynecological cancer?
It is essential to understand the symptoms of gynaecological cancer for their early detection. Some common ones include:
- Pain or pressure on the pelvic region
- Itchiness or burning sensation in the vulva
- Color change of the vulva
- Problems in the vulva skin including rash, sores, ulcers or warts
- Frequent urination
- Feeling of bloating
- Abnormal bleeding and vaginal discharge
- Back pain or stomach ache
When do you need to see a doctor?
If you spot any of the symptoms above, consult a doctor.
Request an appointment at Apollo Spectra Hospitals, Alwarpet, Chennai.
Call 1860 500 2244 to book an appointment.
What causes gynecological cancers?
While there are no definite causes of gynaecological cancer, here are a few prominent risk factors that may cause cancer:
- Early start of menstruation or late onset of menopause
- Human papillomavirus (HPV) infection
- Excessive smoking
- HIV infection
- Having a weak immune system
- A history of breast or gynecological cancer
- Old age
- Family history of cancer
- Frequent use of oral birth control and fertility drugs
- Estrogen therapy
- High-fat diet
- Prior radiation for the pelvic area
What are the specific risk factors?
The risk factors for gynaecological cancer mainly depend on a specific type of cancer, but some common ones are:
- There may be chances of a genetic mutation, which may include BRCA1 and others
- Having a family history of breast, uterus, colon or ovarian cancer
- Extreme obesity
- Exposure to diethylstilbestrol (DES)
How is gynecological cancer prevented?
- Take doctor’s advice for prevention of human papillomavirus (HPV).
- Avoid tobacco as studies have proven the link between tobacco and gynecological cancer.
- Your diet should comprise fruits and vegetables. You should try to avoid high-fat foods. Also, you must try to exercise for at least 30 minutes every day.
Steps for early detection of gynecological cancer:
- You should get gynaecological cancer screening every three years after the age of 21.
- At the age of 30, go for your pap smear test.
- If you are at a high risk of getting gynecological cancer, consult your doctor.
What are the treatment options?
Gynecological cancer treatment can be done in multiple ways. It primarily depends on the type of cancer and the area of spread. The standard treatment process includes surgery, chemotherapy and radiation. If your doctor has recommended gynecological cancer treatment, you may have to go through any of the following options:
- Surgery - It involves the surgical removal of the cancerous tissues.
- Chemotherapy - You need to take some specific medicines for shrinking or killing cancer. The drugs can be in the form of pills or IV medications or both.
- Radiation - It is the process of using high-energy rays for killing cancerous cells.
Gynecological cancer can be of various types and may spread to multiple locations. Hence, it is essential to get your cancer screening regularly. Also, if you experience any of the symptoms of cancer as mentioned above, you must consult your doctors. They will understand the issue and initiate treatment accordingly. You can also keep gynecological cancer at bay with proper lifestyle changes and early detection of any tumor.
The most common type of gynaecological cancer is uterine cancer and the least common is vaginal cancer.
There can be short-term and long-term side effects of gynaecological cancer treatment. The short-term side effects last mainly during or just after the treatment. The long-term side effects of the treatment may occur immediately and may persist for a few months or years. You can talk to your doctor about this.
Fertility is often a significant concern for young patients. Some of the treatments for gynaecological cancers can impact your fertility temporarily or permanently. In such conditions, you need to talk to your doctor before starting the treatment.