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Cervical Biopsy

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Best Cervical Biopsy Treatment & Diagnostics in Alwarpet, Chennai

What is a Cervical Biopsy?

Given its crucial role, keeping the cervix in good health and undergoing a regular check-up is of prime importance. In addition, its complex location makes testing complicated. Lately, doctors have started conducting a biopsy to examine critically located organs. A biopsy is a medical procedure that involves extracting a sample of cells or tissues for conducting the examination. The process is also used to remove abnormal cell growth in the body.

A cervical biopsy is a laboratory procedure that involves the removal of tissue from the cervix for investigation. Your doctor can suggest the biopsy when they observe unexplained development of mass in the adjacent region. The mass can cause problems in conceiving and during the gestation period.

It is essential to get the biopsy done to distinguish between a non-cancerous growth, i.e., genital warts, myomas, etc., or a cancerous tumor, in which case it can spread to other parts as well. Thus, it is advisable to discuss the concerns with a urology specialist in association with a gynecologist and undergo the procedure to initiate timely treatment.

When to Undergo Cervical Biopsy?

Some symptoms that you should take into consideration before considering a cervical biopsy are -
Unexplained pain in the pelvic region
Irregular or heavy menstrual bleeding
Vaginal bleeding or spotting

Your gynecologist can suggest a cervical biopsy if they observe an abnormal precancerous growth in the vagina while conducting other tests like colposcopy, pap smear, or pelvic examination.

Request an appointment at Apollo Spectra Hospitals, Alwarpet, Chennai

Call 1860 500 2244 to book an appointment.

Why is a Biopsy Conducted?

A cervical biopsy is performed to examine unexplained symptoms and discomforts associated with the reproductive health of your body. It helps in identifying cancerous or precancerous growth on the cervix:

  • Genital warts are small nodular growth on the mucous lining of genitals caused by human papillomavirus (HPV). This is a virus infection and can be transmitted sexually.
  • Non-cancerous polyps are bulb-like structures, mostly non-cancerous, formed inside the vagina due to inflamed cervix, vagina, or uterus.

Further, it is possible to develop a risk for cancer if exposed to copious amounts of Diethylstilbestrol (DES) during pregnancy.

Types of Cervical Biopsy

Primarily, here are three kinds of cervical biopsies:

  • Punch biopsy: A microscopic tissue sample is removed for examination using specialized instruments called "biopsy forceps."
  • Cone biopsy: In this, the doctor will make an incision and remove a small cone-shaped piece from the cervix for conducting the examination. The procedure is performed after administering an adequate amount of anesthesia.
  • Endocervical curettage (ECC): When reaching the cervix is impossible, your doctor will take a sample from the endocervical canal and send it to labs for testing.

What are the Benefits of Cervical Biopsy?

Besides getting relief from pain and unwanted spotting, you will get clarity on the developing disease in your body. In some cases, when unattended, these symptoms turn out to be cancerous and can be fatal as well. Early-onset cancer can be controlled and contained in most cases.

In non-cancerous growth, timely surgery can prevent the further spreading of infections in other body parts and your partners.

Associated Risks and Complications of Cervical Biopsy

Some women can experience light bleeding on the following day. In addition, possible side-effects may include -

  • Pelvic pain
  • Infection in the cervix or adjacent organs
  • Incompetent cervix

Rarely, a cone biopsy can cause tissue injury and impaired menstrual flow. This can increase the risk of infertility and miscarriage caused by a damaged cervix. Women who suffer acute pelvic inflammatory disease should wait until their condition has diminished before the procedure.

References

https://www.healthline.com/health/cervical-biopsy#types

https://www.hopkinsmedicine.org/health/treatment-tests-and-therapies/cervical-biopsy

https://www.webmd.com/cancer/cervical-cancer/do-i-need-colposcopy-and-cervical-biopsy

Is cervical biopsy painful?

A cervical biopsy is not minor painless surgery. You may experience cramping or some pressure in the coming days. It is advised to take appropriate rest and consume enough water and other liquid to avoid infections.

How long does it take for your cervix to heal after the biopsy?

It usually takes about 4 to 6 weeks for your cervix to heal after the procedure.

What precautions should I take after a cervical biopsy?

It is advised to avoid inserting anything in the vagina as it can further aggravate the wound. In addition, you should also avoid weightlifting.

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