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Breast Cancer

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Breast Cancer Treatment & Diagnostics in Alwarpet, Chennai

Breast Cancer

Introduction

When features that direct cell development undergo modifications known as transformations, cancerous cells develop. The changes allow the cells to self-isolate and grow uncontrollably.

Breast cancer is a cancerous development in the breast cells. The malignancy usually takes shape in the lobules or ducts of the breast.

What are the Types of Breast Cancer?

Breast cancer is categorically into two main types, i.e., non-invasive breast cancer and invasive cancer.

  • Non-invasive breast cancers:
  • Ductal carcinoma in situ
  • Lobular carcinoma in situ

Invasive breast cancers:

  • Invasive lobular carcinoma
  • Invasive ductal carcinoma
  • Inflammatory breast cancer
  • Advanced localized breast cancer
  • Paget's disease of the nipple
  • Phyllodes tumors of the breast
  • Metastatic breast cancer

The genes that cancer expresses are used to classify it into subtypes. The following are the three primary types:

  • Hormone receptor-positive breast cancer
  • HER2 positive breast cancer
  • Triple-negative breast cancer

What are the Symptoms of Breast Cancer?

The earliest signs of breast cancer are generally a thicker tissue region in the breast, a lump in the breast, or a lump in the armpit.

Other signs and symptoms include:

  • discomfort in the armpits or breasts that do not vary with the menstrual cycle
  • pitting or redness of the breast skin that looks like the surface of an orange
  • a rash surrounding or on one of the nipples
  • a nipple discharge that may or may not contain blood
  • a nipple that is depressed or inverted
  • a change in the breast's size or contour
  • The skin on the breast or nipple peels, flakes, or scales

What are the Causes of Breast Cancer?

Rapid cell multiplication occurs as a result of malignant proliferation. It's possible that these cells won't die when they're supposed to. Since the tumor requires nutrients and energy, it denies the cells surrounding it, resulting in malignancy.

The interior layer of milk conduits or the lobules that supply milk to them is the most common breast cancer site. It would then have the ability to spread to many parts of the body.

When to See a Doctor?

Consider having a bosom protuberance evaluated, especially if -

  • The protrusion has a hard or fixed feel to it.
  • The protrusion does not go away after four to a month and a half.
  • You detect redness, crusting, dimpling, or puckering on your bosom's skin.
  • The nipple has turned inside.
  • Your areola has been flipped inside out, which isn't normal.

Request an appointment at
Apollo Spectra Hospitals, Alwarpet, Chennai

Call 1860 500 2244 to book an appointment.

How is Breast Cancer Diagnosed?

In addition to a breast test, your primary care physician will do an extensive actual test to determine if your symptoms are caused by malignant breast development or a severe breast ailment. They may also request at least one analytic test to determine the source of your symptoms.

The following tests can aid in the diagnosis of breast cancer:

Mammogram

The most common method of examining underneath the exterior of your bosom is using a mammography imaging examination. If your primary care physician suspects you have a tumor or a troublesome area, mammography will be recommended. If your mammogram reveals an atypical location, your primary care physician may recommend further testing.

Ultrasound

Using sound waves, a breast ultrasound creates an image of the tissues deep within your bosom. Your PCP can use ultrasound to tell the difference between a strong lump, a tumor, and a gentle sore.

Your doctor may recommend an MRI or a breast biopsy.

How Can You Prevent Breast Cancer?

Early detection and risk reduction are two critical components of breast cancer prevention. Screening can detect non-invasive cancers early and treat them before they become invasive, or it can detect invasive tumors at an early stage and treat them.

  • Maintaining a healthy lifestyle, getting regular tests, and following any preventative measures advised by your doctor can all help to reduce your breast cancer risk.
  • You may shed weight and lower your risk by eating a nutrient-dense diet and exercising as much as possible.
  • You're also more likely to get cancer if you drink too much alcohol.
  • Periodic mammograms may not prevent breast cancer, but they can help reduce the chances of it remaining unnoticed.
  • Conduct a self-breast examination once a month.

How is Breast Cancer Treated?

The stage of your breast cancer, the extent of metastasis (if any), and the tumor size - all factor into the sort of treatment you'll need.

Your doctor will first determine your cancer's size, stage, and grade (how likely it is to grow and spread). After that, you can discuss your treatment options with the doctor.

Doctors may prescribe systemic treatment with chemotherapy or hormonal therapy before surgery for bigger tumors or those that are developing faster. This is known as neoadjuvant therapy. Other therapies may have various advantages before surgery:

  • Because the tumor is smaller, surgery may be less difficult.
  • Your doctor may investigate which cancer therapies are effective.
  • A clinical study may potentially be an option for you to explore a new medicine.
  • You will be treated early if you have a tiny distant illness.
  • If the tumor decreases enough before surgery, women who may need a mastectomy might receive breast-conserving surgery (lumpectomy).

Conclusion

Effective preventive screening and risk reduction are two essential characteristics of avoiding breast cancer. Screening can detect non-invasive illnesses early on and treat them before they become obtrusive, or it can detect and treat intrusive cancers early on.

References

https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/breast-cancer/symptoms-causes/syc-20352470
https://www.healthline.com/health/breast-cancer

Is it true that breastfeeding lowers the risk of breast cancer?

Breastfeeding does lower the chance of getting breast cancer.

Is it true that wearing a bra may trigger breast cancer?

Bras do not appear to be linked to the development of breast cancer.

Is it possible to lower the risk of breast cancer by physical activity?

Exercise improves your immune system and helps you maintain a healthy weight. A woman can begin to reduce her risk of breast cancer with as little as three hours of exercise each week, or approximately 30 minutes per day.

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