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Thyroid Removal

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Thyroid Gland Removal Surgery in Alwarpet, Chennai

The thyroid gland plays an essential role in metabolism and other endocrine functions. Abnormal functioning can result in hyperthyroidism or hypothyroidism. If you visit a doctor for low BMI, intolerance of heat and rapid heart rate, he or she is likely to diagnose these as symptoms of a thyroid disease. Thyroidectomy, surgical removal of the thyroid gland, might be the first line of action in your case. 

There are several general surgery hospitals in Chennai that can help you overcome the hurdle. You can also search for the best general surgeon near me.

What is thyroidectomy?

Thyroidectomy is a medical term for surgical removal of your thyroid gland. If you are looking in Mumbai, the procedure is performed by highly trained and skilled general surgeons in Chembur. 

Your doctor will diagnose your condition based on the symptoms and history of your case and determine whether you require surgery or not. Cancer, enlarged thyroid gland due to goiter or over-functioning gland require thyroidectomy.

To know more, you can visit a general surgery hospital in Chennai.

What are the types of thyroidectomy?

There are two broad classifications of thyroid removal surgery:

  1. Partial thyroidectomy
    It is the removal of only the diseased part where the leftover gland is capable of performing naturally.
  2. Complete thyroidectomy
    It is the surgical removal of the entire thyroid gland due to the massive spread of tumors or infection. Now your body is incapable of synthesizing thyroid hormones on its own, and therefore, you need hormone replacement therapy. Based on your lab reports, your doctor will advise you about dosage and further follow-ups.

What are the conditions that may require thyroidectomy?

Your doctors will determine the need for thyroidectomy if they diagnose:

  • Thyroid cancer
    Thyroid cancer tops the list as a cause behind thyroidectomy. Metastatic cancers spread rapidly and tend to damage other organs too. Removal of the cancerous tumor is the best option to prevent further damage.
  • Hyperthyroidism (Grave’s Disease)
    In instances of the over-functioning thyroid gland, excess amounts of thyroxine are synthesized. Another reason your doctor might suggest surgery is due to your intolerance towards radioactive iodine therapy or anti-thyroid medications.
  • Thyroid nodules and goiter
    Nodules might be cancerous or non-cancerous. Large nodules or goiter can obstruct your breathing passage, causing difficulty in swallowing, among other issues.

Any registered and qualified general surgeon in Chembur can help you with the procedure and ease your discomfort. 

When do you need to see a doctor?

If you experience sudden unnatural weight loss, frequent sweating, swelling at the bottom of the neck or a rushing heartbeat, immediately seek urgent medical care. 

You can request an appointment at Apollo Spectra Hospitals, Alwarpet,Chennai.

Call 1860 500 2244 to book an appointment.

How can you benefit from thyroidectomy?

Surgical removal of the thyroid gland is an intelligent choice, with almost no mortality rates and very few complications. Benefits include:

  • Rapid achievement of euthyroid state with hormone replacement therapy after surgery.
  • It prevents long-term side effects of anti-thyroid and radioactive iodine drugs.
  • Advancements in surgeries have reduced severe complications like damage to laryngeal nerves and adjacent parathyroid glands.

We advise you to undergo a detailed consultation with a general surgeon near you. 

What are the complications?

Serious complications are rare, but in some cases, there can be:

  • Hypocalcemia, low calcium in the body due to parathyroid gland damage can lead to carpopedal spasm, convulsions and laryngeal stridor.
  • Bleeding and infection in adjacent areas can lead to difficulty in breathing.
  • Damage to the laryngeal nerve can cause permanent hoarseness in the voice.


Thyroidectomy is a very safe surgical procedure. But as with any invasive treatment, some complications are bound to occur, although rarely. Removal of the thyroid gland has shown to provide relief from symptoms like low BMI, decreased libido, low menstrual flow, intolerance of heat, etc.


Advantages and disadvantages of surgical therapy and optimal extent of thyroidectomy for the treatment of hyperthyroidism

Endocrine Surgery - Thyroidectomy


What are the alternatives to thyroidectomy?

Consult your doctor about other procedures and their benefits, success rate, etc. Long-term treatment methods will include anti-thyroid medication and radioactive iodine therapies.

Are there any physical restrictions post thyroidectomy?

Yes, doctors will advise limiting physical activities to prevent postoperative neck blood clots and improper wound healing. Soon after healing, you can continue with your regular life. However, hormone replacement therapies are a must.

What medications will I have to take after thyroidectomy?

Synthroid or Levoxyl are synthetic thyroid hormones you will have to take for your entire life after a complete thyroidectomy. However, if partial, consult your doctor for the same.


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