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Urinary Tract Infection

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Urinary Tract Infection Treatment & Diagnostics in Alwarpet, Chennai

Urinary Tract Infection in Women

What is Urinary Tract Infection?

Urinary Tract Infection or UTI is one of the most common infections in humans. UTI is a condition when the bacteria gets into the urine and travels up the bladder. The infection commonly involves the bladder or urethra, but in more serious cases, the kidney is involved too.  Bacteria and specifically E.coli present in the bowel is the most common reason for a UTI.  Consult good Urology doctors in Chennai if you have developed any symptoms lately.

What are the types of UTI?

The different types of UTI include – urethritis, cystitis, and pyelonephritis.  

Non- specific urethritis is inflammation of a man’s urethra not caused by a sexually transmitted disease.  The symptoms here can be overlooked in case of mild conditions.
Cystitis is the infection of the bladder most commonly in women. It happens when the bacteria travel up the urethra and inflames your bladder lining.

Pyelonephritis is an infection of the kidneys and the symptoms vary with age. Urologist specialists in Chennai can help you know your UTI  type by diagnosing your symptoms.

What are the symptoms of UTI?

  • If you have a UTI, then the lining of the bladder and urethra become red and irritated, similar to your throat when you are having a cold.
  • Pain in the lower abdomen, pelvic area, and even lower back.
  • Painful or burning sensation while urinating
  • Frequent urination with small amounts
  • Urine becomes more cloudy and there is a strong pungent smell

What are the Causes of UTI?

Our body is meant to fight these microscopic germs, but our immunity often compromises and can result in major UTI infections.  Some factors that can add to your possibilities of getting a UTI are:

Immune system- Issues such as diabetes also put people at high risk for UTIs because the body is not competent to fight off germs.
Physical Factors- Women who have gone through menopause have a modification in the lining of the vagina and lose the protection that estrogen contributes, which lowers the chances of getting a UTI.

Birth Control- Women who use a diaphragm have also been found to have a higher risk of UTIs when compared to those who use other forms of birth control.
Poor Health hygiene – if you don’t follow a regular hygienic routine, the chances of UTI increases

Intense Sexual intercourse – If you have multiple partners, or engage in intense or frequent intercourse with new partners, the percentage of developing a UTI increases exponentially. 

When to see a doctor?

If you ever see blood in your urine or feel any of the above-mentioned symptoms you should consult with your healthcare provider. UTIs can be found by examining a urine sample.  Visit or call Apollo Spectra Hospital, Alwarpet Chennai at 1860 500 2244 to book your next appointment.
Prevention

Prevention is better than cure. Check out some guidelines suggested by our doctors to prevent UTI:

  • When you need to urinate, don't put it off. Holding in urine and not draining your bladder fully can increase your chances of getting UTIs.
  • Drink plenty of liquids to maintain adequate hydration.
  • Cranberry juice or a combination of cranberries can prevent UTIs.
  • Practice good hygiene by keeping your genitals clean, avoiding any perfumes, and keeping your urethra region dry.
  • Sanitary pads or Cups are a far better choice when compared to tampon usage.

Treatment

As UTI is most commonly caused by bacteria, thus it can be treated using antimicrobials or antibiotics.  The final medication for every patient will vary with the level of infection and his/ her medical history.  You should always undergo complete treatment to ensure the infection is completely treated.  Hydrate yourself and try to urinate as much as possible to flush out the bacteria. Pain Medications are heating pads and are common prescriptions for pain relief.  

There are multiple remedies you can try at home. From eating cranberries extracts to staying hydrated at all times, you can try to avoid UTI development. In case you are a recurrently infected patient, try taking a single dose of antibiotics after sexual contact. Further, you can undergo vaginal estrogen therapy in case you have hit menopause. But we always suggest not to make any decisions yourself and visit urologists in Alwarpet to guide you through your pains.

References

https://www.medicalnewstoday.com/articles/189953#home-remedies

https://www.betterhealth.vic.gov.au/health/conditionsandtreatments/urinary-tract-infections-uti

https://www.niddk.nih.gov/health-information/urologic-diseases/kidney-infection-pyelonephritis

https://www.betterhealth.vic.gov.au/health/conditionsandtreatments/non-specific-urethritis-nsu

How much urine does the average adult pass?

An average adult passes about 6 cups of urine daily. But it can vary with the eating and drinking habits of a person.

What is a common UTI risk factor?

Some of the risk factors include –

  • Enlarged prostate
  • Kidney stones
  • Spinal Cord injury or bladder injury

Should you rest with a UTI?

When you want to recover fast, it is recommended to rest more often.

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