Hemorrhoid Treatment & Surgery in Alwarpet, Chennai
Hemorrhoid, also known as piles, is a result of inflammation in the veins present in the rectum and the anal region that leads to discomfort and occasional bleeding. The condition gets aggravated during forced bowel movement and later stages of pregnancy. Obesity can also worsen the condition.
In most cases, hemorrhoids are not visible and do not affect the daily life of an individual. However, in some severe conditions, a cluster of these veins expand and protrude outside the anus causing discomfort and pain.
To seek treatment, you can consult a general surgery doctor near you or you can visit a general surgery hospital near you.
What are the types of hemorrhoids?
Depending on their location, hemorrhoids can be classified into four distinct categories:
- Internal – the veins form bumps on the inner lining of rectum. These lumps are not visible, are located deep inside the body and rarely cause any pain or bleeding.
- External – the protrusion is formed on the anal opening and is visible. It is slightly painful and causes discomfort during bowel movement.
- Thrombosed – when, due to an injury, a blood clot dries up in the anal region, it is known as thrombosed haemorrhoid. It is not harmful and rarely causes any pain. In some cases, it can cause bleeding when scratched.
- Prolapsed – in some severe conditions, when the internal haemorrhoids protrude and hang outside the rectum, they are known to be prolapsed. They cause severe discomfort while sitting and engaging in other movements.
What are the symptoms?
- Bleeding in stool
- Localized itching and swelling
- Pain in the anal region
- Discomfort while sitting
What causes Hemorrhoids?
Unlike pinworm infection, which is a parasitic disease, hemorrhoids are a result of:
- Low-fiber diets can lead to constipation
- Constipation leads to pushing during bowel movement
- Obesity and extra weight around the abdomen region can cause additional pressure on the rectum
- Over-exertion during a physical activity
- During pregnancy, the uterus can put extra pressure on the veins of the rectum
- Anal sex
When do you need to consult a doctor?
In case you notice some of these symptoms, you must consult a gastroenterologist immediately.
- Excessive bleeding
- Discomfort while sitting.
- Pain radiating towards your lower back
- Loss of appetite and weight loss.
Some advanced cases might require a surgical removal of these inflamed veins. The procedure is known as hemorrhoidectomy and while it is a minor operation, you must consult the best general surgery doctors in Chennai for the same.
Request an appointment at Apollo Spectra Hospitals, Alwarpet, Chennai.
Call 1860 500 2244 to book an appointment.
What are the complications?
Unattended hemorrhoids are like open wounds and can lead to ancillary infections in the genitals. In addition, in some cases they can lead to severe blood loss causing minor anemia. It can become a cause of serious concern in pregnant women as excessive blood loss and chances of infection can cause complications in pregnancy.
The treatment for hemorrhoids is straightforward and only a small section of individuals require surgical removal of protrusions. In most cases, making changes in the diet can bring a lot of relief to patients.
However, individuals who require surgery, are advised to follow some precautions post surgery. Like any surgery, the possible post op complications can include:
- Secondary infection at the site of surgery
- Excessive blood loss
- Urinary tract infection
- Fecal incontinence
- Anal stricture
How can hemorrhoids be prevented?
- Avoid oily, spicy and over-processed food
- Increase the intake of raw vegetables and fruits in your diet.
- Chew the food slowly and mindfully
- Avoid taking sodas and fizzy drinks with every meal or reduce it to once in a day
- Incorporate nutritious and fibrous food in your daily diet
- Drink plenty of liquids to ensure complete digestion
- Include post-meal walks and regular exercise in your lifestyle
What are the treatment options?
While people suggest several home remedies and treatments, you must not take hemorrhoids lightly. They cause a lot of discomfort and can be irritating at times. However, in the best interest of your health and well-being, you must consult a licensed practitioner and get appropriate advice for your specific condition.
Piles are becoming a growing concern in individuals these days due to increase in obesity and inappropriate diet. While it causes a minor discomfort in general lifestyle, piles can become painful and problematic if left unattended. You must consult a practicing gastroenterologist and get timely treatment.
Consumption of alcohol can further aggravate the condition and hence, avoid it while the treatment continues.
Avoid heavy lifting for some weeks till piles are treated completely. However, you can work out and do other exercises if you go to the gym.
In some extreme cases of prolapsed hemorrhoids, a patient can require surgery. It is a minor surgery and done under the guidance of a specialist.