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IOL surgery Treatment & Diagnostics in Alwarpet, Chennai

Intraocular Lens Surgery (IOL surgery)

Overview of Intraocular Lens Surgery

When your eye lens becomes defective anatomically or functionally, IOL surgery is performed to replace the lens. Cataracts are the most common type of functional defects that occur primarily or secondary to diseases like diabetes. Any lens defect can be corrected via this surgical procedure of replacing the natural crystalline lenses with an artificial lens. 

About Intraocular Lens Surgery

This is a small procedure that generally takes about 20 to 30 minutes. For two weeks before the surgery, medication like aspirin and ibuprofen should be stopped to avoid bleeding complications. 

You will be asked to lie down in a supine position on your back. You will be given local anesthetic medication - topical drugs applied in the eye to ensure sensory and motor sensation loss. Ultimately you will not be able to feel and move your eyes. 

Sterile conditions are prepared to reduce the risk of infection. Doctors use microscopes to look into the tiny structures of the eye. A careful incision is made. If you have a cataract, the doctor uses an ultrasound sound probe to break the cloudy lens and then remove it. 

If you have sight correction, a breakdown of the lens is not always necessary. Intraocular lenses that are to be placed are foldable. Therefore, they can be inserted through small incisions. After the insertion of the lens, the incisions are sutured and closed.

After a few days, you will feel the difference as your vision will improve.

Who qualifies for IOL surgery?

You are eligible to have IOL Surgery if you satisfy the following conditions -

  • You have a normal blood count.
  • You do not have any bleeding disorder.
  • You have a Normal ECG.
  • You have a normal liver functions test.
  • You have a routine chest x-ray.

Certain other preoperative tests might need to be done depending upon your age and current disease to ensure your complete wellness. It is advisable to consult an IOL surgery specialist in Chennai if you are suffering from problems with your vision.

Why Intraocular Lens Surgery is Conducted

The recent and most common indication for IOLs is cataracts. With every cataract surgery, an intraocular lens has to be placed. Cataracts can be treated with medication too. But the best option to avoid recurrences is surgery. All kinds of lens defects pave the way to perform surgery. It is best to consult an IOL specialist near you.

Request an appointment at Apollo Spectra Hospitals, Alwarpet, Chennai

Call 1860 500 2244 to book an appointment.

Benefits of Intraocular Lens Surgery

  • Patients had to wear either thick aphakic spectacles or use contact lenses every day until the invention and widespread usage of intraocular lenses (IOLs) became prevalent.
  • IOLs help you achieve clear and natural vision very soon after cataract surgery. The lenses inserted into your eyes are inert and will never need to be replaced. In addition, they are now able to correct for either near or far vision or a combination of both.

Risks and complications of Intraocular Lens Surgery

Complications are part of medical procedures, and so the success of any procedure is defined based on the ease with which it is managed. You will be happy to know that in IOL surgery, the risk-benefit ratio favors the benefits.

  • You can face pre-operative complications like stress and anxiety.
  • Operative complications like impaired eye movements, bleeding. These can be minimized if you consult an experienced IOL surgery specialist.
  • Postoperative complications are blood collection in the eye, displacement of the iris, and the flat anterior chamber, which is very rare.

Conclusion

Intraocular lens surgery is routine cataract surgery, and if you have IOL surgery for sight correction, there is no further need for spectacles and contact lenses. It is better to consult an IOL surgery specialist in Chennai to prevent further worsening of the condition and timely treatment. 

Reference

https://www.sharecare.com/health/eye-vision-health/what-benefits-intraocular-lens-implantation

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3146699/

https://www.hopkinsmedicine.org/health/treatment-tests-and-therapies/tests-performed-before-surgery

Are cataracts found only in older people?

Most cataracts develop slowly over time and affect people over the age of 50. Infants can, in extremely rare cases, have congenital cataracts. The mother being afflicted by diseases such as chickenpox or German measles during pregnancy can cause congenital cataracts.

Is cataract surgery serious?

While there is a certain amount of risk associated with any surgery, cataract surgery has one the lowest levels of risk and very minimal postoperative complications. It is one of the most commonly performed types of surgery.

How is a cataract corrected?

A small incision is made on the front surface of the eye with a scalpel or a laser. Once the entire lens is removed, it is replaced with a clear implant called an intraocular lens (IOL) to restore vision.

I have diabetes, and my vision is decreasing rapidly. What can be done?

Diabetes is a lifelong condition and has to be managed because it can lead to cataracts, glaucoma, and diabetes retinopathy. You must ensure that your diabetes is kept under strict control to prevent further deterioration in your vision.

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