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Glaucoma

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Glaucoma Treatment & Diagnostics in Alwarpet, Chennai

Glaucoma

Introduction

Glaucoma is an eye disorder that damages your optic nerves. It is usually the result of increased eye pressure. Different types of glaucoma damage the nerves that carry signals from the eyes to the brain.

It is one of the major causes that take away people’s vision. Many types of glaucoma come with no warning signs, so it is necessary to take regular eye examinations. Glaucoma specialists in Chennai say that treatment may help, but this condition is not curable.

What are the Types of Glaucoma?

There are five types of glaucoma:

Open-angle glaucoma: Also called chronic glaucoma, this is the most common type of glaucoma that has no symptoms except gradual vision loss.

Angle-closure glaucoma: Angle-closure glaucoma is a medical emergency in which there is a sudden increase in the pressure of your eye, causing pain. Call your doctor immediately if you experience any symptoms like blurred vision and severe pain.

Congenital glaucoma: This is a rare type of glaucoma present at birth or develops in a baby’s first few years. It is also called infantile glaucoma.

Secondary glaucoma: It is usually a result of another medical condition such as cataracts, eye tumors. Sometimes, it may also be caused by certain drugs such as corticosteroids.

Normal-tension glaucoma: In some cases, people may develop glaucoma without an increase in eye pressure. The cause is yet unknown. However, poor blood flow to your optic nerve may be one factor in this type of glaucoma.

What are the Symptoms of Glaucoma?

According to the glaucoma specialists in Alwarpet, Chennai, the symptoms of glaucoma vary depending on the type of condition.

Symptoms of open-angle glaucoma

  • Loss of side (peripheral) vision

Symptoms of acute-closure glaucoma

  • Redness in eye
  • Eye pain
  • Headache
  • Blurred vision
  • Nausea and vomiting
  • Halos around light

Symptoms of congenital glaucoma

  • Cloudy eyes
  • Light sensitivity
  • Extra tears
  • Eyes larger than normal

Symptoms of secondary glaucoma

  • Pain and redness in the eye
  • Loss of vision

What are the Known Causes of Glaucoma?

The leading cause of glaucoma is an increase in the natural pressure of your eye - intraocular pressure (IOP). There is a clear liquid (aqueous humor) present in the front part of your eyes. It leaves your eyes through drainage channels in the cornea and iris.

If these channels are blocked, IOP increases. Apart from this, some other causes of glaucoma include -

  • Eye injury
  • Severe eye infection
  • Blocked blood vessels inside your eye
  • Inflammation
  • High blood pressure
  • Reduced blood flow to your optic nerve

When to See a Doctor?

If you experience any of the symptoms, please visit an eye doctor immediately.

You can request an appointment at Apollo Spectra Hospitals, Alwarpet, Chennai.

Call 1860 500 2244 to book an appointment with the best glaucoma doctors in Alwarpet.

What are the Risk Factors Involved in Glaucoma?

  • Age
  • Ethnicity (Asian people are at a higher risk of developing glaucoma)
  • Eye problems
  • Family history
  • Use of certain medicines such as corticosteroids

What are the Treatment Options for Glaucoma?

The damage caused by glaucoma is irreversible. However, various treatments can lower your eye pressure and prevent loss of vision. Your doctor may prescribe eye drops, oral medication, or surgery for treating glaucoma, depending on your condition.

For the best glaucoma treatment in Alwarpet, request an appointment at Apollo Spectra Hospitals, Alwarpet, Chennai. Call 1860 500 2244 to book an appointment.

Conclusion

Glaucoma damages the optic nerve and may cause permanent blindness. However, early detection and prompt treatments may reduce (if not prevent) the chances of vision loss. Better compliance with treatment seems to be the only hope in reducing vision loss from glaucoma.

References

https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/glaucoma/diagnosis-treatment/drc-20372846

https://www.healthline.com/health/glaucoma#types

https://www.nei.nih.gov/learn-about-eye-health/eye-conditions-and-diseases/glaucoma/types-glaucoma

https://www.medicinenet.com/glaucoma/article.htm

Will I go blind from glaucoma?

Glaucoma is known to cause blindness. But if it is detected early, proper treatment may reduce or prevent vision loss.

Can vision lost due to glaucoma be restored?

Unfortunately, no. The optic nerves that are lost are not regenerated. However, various research centers are working on ways to replace lost retinal neurons.

Are diabetic people more prone to glaucoma?

Yes, diabetic people are twice as likely to develop glaucoma than non-diabetics.

How is glaucoma diagnosed?

Your doctor may perform a series of eye examinations to detect glaucoma. Tests may include -

  • Tonometry (measuring intraocular pressure)
  • Dilate eye examination
  • Imaging tests
  • Pachymetry (measuring corneal thickness)
  • Gonioscopy (inspecting the drainage angle)
  • Visual field test (checking for certain areas that might be affected by vision loss)

Does increased eye pressure mean I have glaucoma?

Not necessarily. It means you are at a higher risk of developing glaucoma.

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