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Menopause Care

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Menopause Care Treatment & Diagnostics in Alwarpet, Chennai

Menopause Care

Introduction

Menopause is a natural biological phenomenon that occurs in females between the age of 45 and 55. Menopause marks the end of the menstrual cycle in females, which means they can no longer become pregnant naturally. Menopause is accompanied by discomfort and symptoms like hot flashes, weight gain, anxiety, mood swings, and reduced sexual drive. There is usually no treatment required while going through menopause.

About Menopause Care

Menopause not only brings physical symptoms but emotional symptoms along with it. Menopause takes place when ovaries can no longer release an egg every month. It includes three stages:

  1. Perimenopause – It is the transition period before menopause and must take varying times depending on different women.
  2. Menopause – It starts after 12 months of your last period.
  3. Postmenopause – This stage comes after years of menopause, and its onset cannot be determined.

Symptoms of Menopause

You will start to notice symptoms of menopause a couple of years or a decade before the actual menopause (perimenopause). Some of the symptoms of menopause are:

  1. Less frequent menstruation
  2. Vaginal dryness
  3. Hot flashes, night sweat, and flushing
  4. Insomnia
  5. Depression, anxiety, mood swings, sadness, irritation, fatigue
  6. Sore breasts, weight gain, and slow metabolism
  7. Incontinence during urination
  8. Change in color and texture of hair
  9. Reduced sex drive
  10. Dry skin, mouth, and eyes
  11. Difficulty in concentration

Causes of Menopause

Menopause is a natural process, yet there could be other factors resulting in menopause in females:

  1. The natural decline in reproductive hormones like estrogen, progesterone, testosterone, follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH), and luteinizing hormone (LH)
  2. Premature ovarian failure when ovaries stop releasing the egg prematurely
  3. Surgical removal of ovaries or oophorectomy
  4. Chemotherapy and radiation therapy
  5. Pelvic radiation or pelvic injuries that damage ovaries
  6. Genetic condition like Turner’s syndrome
  7. Auto-immune diseases

When to See a Doctor 

If you are going through perimenopause, it is important for you to regularly visit the gynecologist near you. Your gynecologist will ask you to undergo screening tests like mammography, triglyceride screening, breast, and pelvic examination. If you observe vaginal bleeding after menopause, consult your gynecologist.

Request an appointment at Apollo Spectra Hospitals, Alwarpet, Chennai.

Call 1860 500 2244 to book an appointment.

Risk factors and complications associated with Menopause

There are many risks related to menopause in females such as:

  • Breast cancer
  • Urinary tract infections
  • Stiffness of joints
  • Osteoporosis and reduced bone mass
  • Cardiovascular diseases
  • Risk of Alzheimer’s disease
  • Cataract and macular degeneration

Diagnosis of Menopause

A gynecologist can diagnose menopause or confirm whether it is perimenopause by carrying out a blood test to check your hormone levels. These tests include:

  1. Follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) – This increases during menopause
  2. Estradiol – Amount of estrogen produced by ovaries
  3. Thyroid hormones – Variation in thyroid hormone give symptoms similar to menopause
  4. Anti-Mullerian hormone (AMH) – To check the reserve of eggs in your ovaries
  5. Blood lipid profile
  6. Liver and kidney function tests

Remedies for symptoms of Menopause

Many remedies can give relief to females going through menopause. Here are some effective methods:

  1. If you experience hot flashes, drink cold water and avoid hot beverages
  2. Get enough sleep and practice relaxation techniques
  3. Use vaginal lubricants to decrease vaginal dryness
  4. Strengthen your pelvic floor with the help of Kegel exercises
  5. Eat a balanced diet and exercise regularly
  6. Avoid smoking to reduce the risk of stroke, osteoporosis, and heart diseases

Treatments for Menopause

There are many ways to treat the symptoms and to manage chronic conditions that result from menopause:

  1. Hormone therapy –Supplements for female sex hormones like estrogen and progesterone can be provided to help with hot flashes, and bone loss.
  2. Medications – Your gynecologist can prescribe many medicines to treat urinary tract infection, insomnia, anxiety, hair loss, and postmenstrual osteoporosis.
  3. Vaginal creams release estrogen and give relief from vaginal dryness and discomfort during sex.
  4. Vitamin D supplements strengthen the bones and help in curing osteoporosis.
  5. Low-dose antidepressants can treat mood swings, anxiety, depression, and hot flashes.

Conclusion

Menopause marks the end of fertility in females. Severe hormonal changes in the body bring about various symptoms. Many treatments like hormonal therapy are beneficial and can remedy the discomfort and symptoms experienced during menopause. However, you also go through emotional and behavioral changes, so adopting a healthy lifestyle and natural remedies will improve the quality of your life during this time.

Request an appointment at Apollo Spectra Hospitals, Alwarpet, Chennai.

Call 1860 500 2244 to book an appointment.

Source

https://www.healthline.com/health/menopause#causes

https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/menopause/symptoms-causes/syc-20353397

https://www.medicalnewstoday.com/articles/155651#causes

https://www.webmd.com/menopause/guide/menopause-basics

What food should I eat to help me with my symptoms of Menopause?

To reduce the symptoms related to menopause, you must consume foods like soy, vitamin E, melatonin, and flaxseed.

How can I detect low estrogen in my body?

There are many symptoms related to low estrogen levels in the body, such as painful sex, frequent infections in the urinary tract, irregular periods, mood swings, and breast tenderness.

What helps to treat joint pain during menopause?

Ibuprofen is a very useful medicine to reduce joint pain during menopause.

How can I increase progesterone in my body?

Consume natural progesterone-containing foods such as beans, sprouts, cabbage, cauliflower, broccoli, nuts, and pumpkin.

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