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Anal Abscess

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Best Anal Abscess Treatment & Diagnostics in Alwarpet, Chennai

An anal abscess is a medical condition wherein a boil develops on the anal tissue or cavity due to the accumulation of pus. Anal abscesses are caused by infection from anal glands, tears in the anal canal or sexually transmitted diseases. 

What is an anal abscess?

Factors such as diabetes, colitis, pelvic inflammatory disease and ulcers make you more vulnerable to developing anal abscesses. The treatment for anal abscesses includes draining the pus out of the abscess or surgical intervention. 

If left untreated, it can cause anal fistulas, described as openings in the abscess which can only be treated through surgical intervention. 

To seek treatment, you can search for a general surgery doctor near you or a general surgery hospital near you.

What are the types of anal abscesses?

  • Perianal abscess - This is the most common type of anal abscess. The pus accumulates around the surface of the anus. 
  • Perirectal abscess - This is a type of anal abscess where the pus accumulates in the deeper tissues of the anus. 

What are the symptoms of anal abscess?

They include:

  • Throbbing pain near your anus
  • Swelling around the anus
  • Red coloring around the anus
  • Pus coming out 
  • Constipation
  • Pain during bowel movements
  • Fever
  • Chills
  • Rectal bleeding
  • Fatigue

What causes anal abscess?

They include: 

  • Sexually transmitted diseases (STDs)
  • Infection
  • Blocked anal glands
  • Diabetes
  • Anal fissures
  • People taking medications such as steroids
  • Compromised immune system due to HIV, AIDS
  • Inflammatory bowel diseases such as Crohn’s disease or colitis

When do you need to visit a doctor?

If you show signs and symptoms of fever, chills, rectal bleeding, pain in your anus, vomiting and constipation, then it is time to see your doctor. 

Request an appointment at Apollo Spectra Hospitals, Alwarpet,Chennai.

Call 1860 500 2244 to book an appointment.

How is an anal abscess diagnosed?

Your doctor will first go through the following procedures for diagnosis. 

  • Medical history - The doctor will ask you about your medical history and get an understanding of your general physical well-being. 
  • Physical exam - After taking your medical history, your doctor will do a physical exam and will check for pain and redness in your anal area.
  • Endoscopy - If there are no visible signs of abscesses, then the doctor will use an endoscope. It is a thin tube with a camera that will be inserted into your rectum to find signs of any abnormalities or growth. 
  • Blood tests - Your doctor may recommend that you take some blood tests to rule out any other diseases. 

How is an anal abscess treated?

There are several treatment methods for anal abscesses. Depending on the severity of the abscess, the following treatment methods are advised. 

  • Drainage of pus - If the abscess is not too severe, the doctor will drain the pus from the affected area in the outpatient department.
  • Surgery - If the abscess is deep and has become an anal fistula, then it might require you to get hospitalized. In this surgery, the doctor cuts through the opening of the fistula and drains out the pus.
  • Medications - After the surgery, the doctor will prescribe painkillers and antibiotics for reducing the pain. 

Conclusion

If you suffer from an anal abscess, don’t panic. Consult a general surgery doctor near you who can tell you about the different treatment methods available.

References

https://www.webmd.com/a-to-z-guides/anal-abscess

https://www.healthline.com/health/anorectal-abscess#causes-and-risks

https://www.emedicinehealth.com/anal_abscess/article_em.htm

Is an anal abscess painful?

Yes. Since pus accumulates in your anal area, it can cause swelling and pain.

How can anal abscess be prevented?

There are some steps that you can take to decrease the risk of developing anal abscesses. They are:

  1. Using proper protection such as condoms during sexual intercourse
  2. Regularly cleaning your anus and maintaining good hygiene

Are there any complications post surgery?

There might be minor complications such as infections, another abscess or scarring.

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