apollo spectra

Orthopedic - Joint Replacement

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Orthopedic - Joint Replacement

Orthopedic conditions can lead to extreme joint pain and immobility. In such cases, you may be recommended joint replacement surgery. In most cases, any sort of joint pain is caused by an injury to the cartilage that links the bone ends (articular cartilage), fracture, arthritis or other similar issues.

In many cases, your doctor may recommend nonsurgical treatments such as medications, activity alterations, physical therapy and so on. However, if these treatments fail to work, your doctor may suggest that you undergo joint replacement surgery.

What is joint replacement?

Joint replacement, also known as replacement arthroplasty, is a distinctive procedure of orthopedic surgery wherein the arthritic/dysfunctional joint surface is replaced with an orthopedic prosthesis.

To know more, contact an orthopedic doctor near you or visit an orthopedic hospital in New Delhi.

Why is joint replacement conducted?

Joint replacement surgery is conducted when extreme joint pain or dysfunction cannot be relieved through comparatively less invasive therapies.

Who qualifies for the procedure?

Joint replacement surgery is generally suggested to patients who have advanced or last-stage joint diseases, often of the hip or the knee. Furthermore, the surgery is recommended to those patients who have undergone non-surgical treatment but still face functional disability and extreme pain.

What are the different types of joint replacement surgeries?

While the most commonly known joint surgeries are done on the knees and hips, there are other types of joint replacement surgeries as well. 

Hip Replacement
Total hip replacement surgeries look into both the femoral head and the acetabulum. Hemiarthroplasty, on the other hand, substitutes the femoral head.

Knee Replacement
Knee replacement is the most common and well-known type of joint surgery. The knee is recognized as the largest and most complex structured joint that connects the major limbs and mainly bears the whole weight of your body. It is thus vulnerable to a myriad of ailments and injuries. Knee surgery options generally depend on the region of the knee that requires treatment. 

Shoulder Replacement
Shoulder joint replacement surgeries involve a deltopectoral approach to safeguarding the deltoid. Simultaneously, they also involve a transdeltoid approach to the glenoid.

Elbow Replacement
Elbow replacement surgery involves the replacement of elbow bones with artificial joints that are made from implants that attach to the arm bones. Thus, a plastic and metal hinge connects the implants together.

Wrist Joint Replacement
A wrist joint replacement surgery involves eliminating and replacing damaged sections of wrist bones with artificial elements. 

Ankle Replacement
Ankle Replacement surgeries are also known as TAA (total ankle arthroplasty). These are surgical procedures that ankle and orthopedic foot surgeons use to deal with ankles affected by severe arthritis.

Finger Replacement
PIP or finger joint and MP or knuckle joint replacement surgeries involve elimination of the damaged joints, thereby replacing the same with artificial implants.

Total Joint Replacement

In a nutshell, total joint replacement is a detailed surgical procedure involving the replacement of a damaged joint or parts of an arthritic joint with a ceramic, plastic or metal device known as a prosthesis.

The prosthesis plays a fundamental role in replicating the motion of a healthy and normal joint.

What are the benefits?

  • Enhanced overall function
  • Enhanced look and alignment
  • Pain relief
  • Restores motion

What are the complications?

Some common complications of joint replacement surgeries include:

  • Wound infection
  • Prosthesis infection
  • Malfunction of the prosthesis
  • Nerve injury

You must seek immediate medical attention if you experience any of the symptoms, mentioned above, after undergoing the surgery.

Request an appointment at Apollo Spectra Hospitals, Karol Bagh, New Delhi.

Call 1860 500 2244 to book an appointment.

References

https://orthoinfo.aaos.org/en/treatment/total-joint-replacement/

https://stanfordhealthcare.org/medical-treatments/a/arthroplasty/complications.html

https://www.healthline.com/health/knee-joint-replacement 

https://www.movementortho.com/2019/12/10/types-of-joint-replacement-surgeries/ 

https://www.rheumatology.org/I-Am-A/Patient-Caregiver/Treatments/Joint-Replacement-Surgery

What are the different joint replacement surgical options?

There are several types of surgical options for joint replacement. Most of these involve replacing the damaged portions of the joints with artificial implants to relieve pain as well as restore mobility and stability. Some of the common joint replacement surgical options include arthroscopy, replacement arthroplasty, osteotomy, joint resurfacing, arthrodesis, minimally invasive TJR, total joint replacement and joint revision.

What are the conditions that can lead to joint replacement?

Certain health conditions can lead to joint replacement surgery. While there is a wide range of conditions that may result in the damage of joints, the three most common bone ailments include osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis and osteoporosis.

How painful can a knee replacement surgery be?

Most often, the pain caused by knee replacement surgeries can last for up to several weeks after the surgery. Typically, the pain may last up to 3 months.

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