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Urology

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Urology

Urology is a field that encompasses evaluation, treatment, and prevention of a broad spectrum of diseases that can damage the genitourinary organs and the reproductive tract in men.

Organs under this include the kidneys, ureters, adrenal glands, urethra, urinary bladder, and the male reproductive organs, which include the prostate, testes, penis, epididymis, seminal vesicles, and vas deferens.

Urology plays a significant role, especially in men’s health. The doctors who specialize in the medical and surgical treatment of such diseases are known as urologists.

What are the symptoms of urology disorders?

Indications that a disease or infection is affecting one of your urological organs can be:

  • Difficulty urinating
  • An urge to urinate, even when the bladder is not full
  • Fluctuating frequency of urination
  • Urinary incontinence
  • Discomfort in the lower abdomen area
  • Chronic urinary tract infections
  • Pelvic pain
  • Infertility
  • Erectile dysfunction

Seeking the help of a urology doctor near you is essential if you are displaying any such signs.

Who can qualify for urology surgeries?

A few common scenarios for which you should visit a urology specialist near you include:

  • Kidney stones: Hard deposits of salts and minerals form in your kidneys
  • Pain in the penis: Inability to retract the foreskin can cause pain while urinating or during erection. Other reasons can be a skin lesion or ulceration, which may indicate penile cancer.
  • Male infertility: Male infertility can result from absent sperm, low sperm count, or non-motile sperm.
  • Blood in urine: It can occur because of an infection, urological cancer, or stones.
  • Pain in the flanks: Kidney stones, urinary infections, or obstruction in urine outflow from the kidney can cause this pain.
  • Testicular pain or swelling: Reasons include dilated veins, testicular cancer, disruption in the blood supply to the testicles.
  • Sexual dysfunction: Premature ejaculation, inability to achieve or sustain an erection, pain during sexual intercourse are a few issues, which a urologist near you can help with.
  • Enlarged prostate: Enlargement of the prostate gland, which weakens your urinary system
  • Urinary incontinence: Loss of bladder control
  • Varicoceles: Inflamed veins in the scrotum

When should you see a doctor?

Your family physician can treat minor urological problems like urinary tract infections. However, if your condition does not improve, your doctor may recommend visiting a urology hospital near you.

So, which symptoms indicate that it is time to visit a urologist? Here are a few of them:

  • Frequent or an excessive urge to urinate 
  • Pain in your pelvic region or lower back
  • Weak or dribbling urine flow 
  • Pain or a burning sensation while urinating
  • Blood in your urine
  • Decreased sexual urge
  • A lump or mass in the testicle
  • Trouble getting or sustaining an erection

Request an appointment at Apollo Spectra Hospitals, Karol Bagh, New Delhi.

Call 1860-500-2244 to book an appointment.

How are urological diseases diagnosed?

After discussing your symptoms, a urology specialist may run some diagnostic tests to identify the abnormalities. These tests include:

  • Urine sample collection 
  • Blood tests
  • Imaging tests such as:
    • Antegrade pyelogram
    • Intravenous pyelogram
    • Cystography
    • CT scan
    • Ultrasound of the kidney
    • Prostate/rectal sonogram
    • Renal angiogram
    • Cystometry
    • Urine flow tests

Fix an appointment at one of the best urology hospitals in Karol Bagh for a consultation.

Which are the surgical procedures that come under urology?

Urologists undergo extensive training to perform a wide range of surgeries, which include:

  • Biopsies of the kidneys, bladder, or prostate
  • Cystectomy for removing the bladder to treat cancer
  • Prostatectomy to remove all or a part of the prostate gland for treating prostate cancer
  • Extracorporeal shock-wave lithotripsy to break kidney stones for easy removal 
  • Kidney transplant for removing a damaged kidney and replacing it with a healthy one
  • Surgery to repair malformed urinary organs 
  • Ureteroscopy in which urologists use a scope to remove stones in the ureter and kidneys
  • Vasectomy, a surgery for male sterilization 
  • Reverse vasectomy to restore fertility in men
  • A sling procedure to treat urinary incontinence
  • Transurethral resection of the prostate for removal of excess tissue from an enlarged prostate

Today, urologists deploy robotic-assisted techniques that offer improved precision, smaller incisions, shorter hospital stays and faster healing. A detailed visit to one of the best urology specialists in Karol Bagh can help you know about the appropriate treatment.

Conclusion

The ideal treatment plan depends on your urological disorder and the severity of the condition.

A timely diagnosis ensures that most urological conditions in men are curable. This makes regular screenings crucial. Schedule a consultation at a urology hospital in Karol Bagh if you notice any unusual symptoms.

References

https://www.healthline.com/health/what-is-a-urologist#conditions

https://www.hopkinsmedicine.org/health/treatment-tests-and-therapies/urology

https://www.mayoclinic.org/departments-centers/urology/sections/conditions-treated/orc-20336021

What are the subspecialties of urology?

Following are the areas of specialization in urology:

  • Female urology
  • Male infertility
  • Neuro-urology
  • Pediatric urology
  • Urologic oncology

What are the basic ways to maintain my urological health?

To promote good urological health, you can:

  • Maintain a healthy weight.
  • Limit your salt and caffeine intake.
  • Stay hydrated.
  • Strengthen your pelvic muscles with Kegel exercises.
  • Quit smoking.

What is the radiofrequency ablation procedure?

In this minimally invasive procedure, doctors use high-energy radio waves, which help in destroying renal cancers. Doctors place electrodes, insert a thin probe through your skin to reach the tumor, and pass a gentle electric current.

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