Urinary Tract Infection(UTI) treatment in Karol Bagh, Delhi
A urinary tract infection (UTI) is an infection that occurs when bacteria enter into any part of the urinary tract, including the bladder, uterus, urethra, kidneys or urethra.
To seek treatment, consult a urology doctor near you or visit a urology hospital near you.
What are the symptoms?
- Muscular and abdominal pain
- Vomiting and nausea
- Cloudy, smelly and strong urine
- Burning sensation and pain during urination
- Frequent urination
- Pelvic pain
- Pain during sex
What causes UTI?
Diabetes: Diabetes can result in elevated blood and urine sugar levels. Increased sugar levels might aid bacterial growth in urine.
Holding pee: When you don't go to a bathroom when you need to or don't empty your bladder fully when you do, harmful germs can build up in your bladder.
Kidney stones: Kidney stones can impede your urinary system and prevent urine from flowing normally.
Pregnancy: Pregnancy causes changes in the urinary tract, making it more difficult to empty your bladder. Pregnancy hormones may also alter the chemical makeup of your urine, promoting the growth of harmful bacteria.
Menopause: Increased vaginal dryness might raise your chances of having a UTI when estrogen levels decline throughout menopause.
Incorrect wiping: After using the restroom, wiping from the back to the front might transfer germs into the urinary system. Instead, wipe from the front to the rear.
When do you need to see a doctor?
Contact your doctor when you experience signs and symptoms of UTIs.
You can request an appointment at Apollo Spectra Hospitals, Karol Bagh, New Delhi.
Call 1860 500 2244 to book an appointment.
What are the risk factors?
- Sexual intercourse: UTIs are more common in sexually active women than in non-sexually active women. Having a new sexual partner raises your risk as well.
- Specific birth control methods: Women who use diaphragms or spermicidal medicines for birth control may be at a higher risk.
- Catheter use: UTIs are more common in those who can't pee independently and urinate through a tube (catheter). Persons hospitalized, people with neurological disorders that make it challenging to regulate their urination, and people who have suffered paralysis may fall into this category.
- Weakened immune system: UTIs can worsen with diabetes and other illnesses that weaken the immune system, the body's natural defense against pathogens.
What are the possible complications?
- Acute or chronic kidney infection (pyelonephritis) caused by an untreated UTI can cause permanent kidney damage.
- Pregnant mothers are more likely to have low birth weight or preterm babies.
- Men with recurrent urethritis have a urethral narrowing (stricture), previously reported with gonococcal urethritis.
- Sepsis is a potentially life-threatening infection that occurs when an infection spreads from your urinary tract to your kidneys.
How is UTI prevented?
- Increase fluid intake and drink around 1.5 liters of water daily.
- Urinate soon after having sex.
- After peeing and bowel movements, wipe from front to back.
- Maintain a clean genital region.
- Replace tampons with sanitary pads or menstrual cups.
- For birth control, stay away from diaphragms and spermicides.
- For the vaginal area, stay away from scented items.
- To keep the region surrounding the urethra dry, use cotton underwear and loose-fitting clothes.
- Include cranberry juice and probiotics in your diet.
What are the treatment options?
An uncomplicated UTI develops in a person who is otherwise healthy and has a clean urinary tract. The majority of these will heal in 2 to 3 days with therapy.
A complicated UTI develops when a person has a weak immune system or a medical condition, such as pregnancy or a heart transplant. Your doctor will prescribe antibiotics for an extended period for complicated UTIs, ranging from 7 to 14 days.
If you have UTIs frequently (3 or more times per year), you should visit your doctor. Your doctor may require more tests (such as examining if the bladder empties) to determine the cause.
If you're still getting UTIs, consider taking a longer course of low-dose antibiotics or taking an antibiotic after intercourse. Your doctor may be able to arrange for self-testing so that you may treat your UTIs at home.
If you're pregnant and experience signs of a urinary tract infection, call your doctor straight away. If not treated promptly and effectively, UTIs during pregnancy can put both the mother and the baby in danger. However, with prompt antibiotics treatment, your UTI will get cured within a few days or weeks.
UTI can cause damage to the kidneys only when it remains undiagnosed and untreated for a long time. If you contact your doctor early, quick treatment of UTI will not cause harm to the kidneys.
The majority of UTIs are past episodes that do not reappear if treated. UTIs are more common in some people due to anatomical or genetic predispositions.