Hernia Surgery in Delhi

Apollo Spectra provides state-of-the-art hernia surgery in Delhi. Hernia is the abnormal protruding of a tissue or an organ through the muscle or tissue that holds it in place. Mostly hernia occurs in the abdomen, upper thigh, groin and belly button. They are mainly classified into hiatal, inguinal, umbilical and incisional. –

Different types of hernia surgery

Unlike the popular belief, it is not only men but women can also be affected by hernia. While inguinal hernias are common among men femoral hernias are mostly seen among women. According to statistics, in the year 2015 only, around 18.5 million hernias have been reported and also 59,800 deaths.

  • Inguinal hernia: They are the most widely seen and makes up to the 70% of all reported hernias. In this condition, a part of the abdomen will push out through a weakened region in the lower stomach into the groin region. These type hernias are also known as groin hernias and they may not show any evident symptoms.
  • Femoral hernia: In femoral hernias, contents of the intestine will bulge through a weak spot in the upper thigh muscle. This sort is most common among women due to the specific shape for pelvis which is suitable for childbirth.
  • Umbilical hernia: Here, the tissue lining the abdomen projects out into the belly button area. Pregnant women are more prone to this condition due to the stretching of their stomach but otherwise seem equally reported among older men and women.
  • Hiatal hernia: Hiatal hernia is a condition in which the stomach juts out through the diaphragm into the chest area. Obese women and newborn babies seem to be more vulnerable to this problem and in the case of babies, this is due to a congenital birth defect.
  • Incisional hernia: Primarily seen in people who have undergone some sort of abdominal surgery. Intestine will bulge out through the weak tissue around the incisional scar.

All these hernias can again be divided into two types: acquired and congenital. While acquired hernias are the result of injury or muscle weakening due to various reasons as a person grows older, congenital hernias are developed even before birth though it may not be diagnosed till later

Common Symptoms

Usual symptoms are

  • Pain or discomfort while doing normal activities with even a little pressure such as coughing, lifting heavy things, going to the bathroom and exercising.
  • A bulge in the affected area which is more evident while standing accompanied with dismal pain.
  • Chest pains, difficulty in swallowing and heartburn are the specific symptoms of a hiatal hernia.

Diagnosis

Symptoms may not always be clear and visible so you may have to undergo CT scan or ultrasound scan to confirm hernia. Mostly diagnosed lately among women because hernias are comparatively less common among them and thus people tend to attribute the symptoms to some other problems. A routine medical checkup is always advised to discover hernia.

Causes
  • Weakening of the muscle is the ultimate reason and the contributing factors are
  • Smoking
  • Lifting heavyweight
  • Obesity
  • Violent coughing and constipation
  • Age
  • Pregnancy
  • Poor nutrition
  • Medical surgery

Family history also has a part to play through the disease is not proven to be completely genetic.

Complication

Hernia is not necessarily a life-threatening condition but some complications could arise such as a strangulation hernia in which a hernia will cut off the blood supply to the abdomen and intestine which could even cause death. Strangulation is a medical emergency and in such cases, immediate medical care should be given. Another serious complication is when the herniated part of the gut obstructs the pathway of bowel contents making it difficult to defecate.

Hernia surgery in Delhi

Hernia will not heal by itself and expert medical care is needed. The treatment for hernia includes lifestyle changes, surgery either open or laparoscopic and medications. Laparoscopic surgery will have only smaller cuts and has less pain after the surgery. Surgery is not suggested for all types of hernia. Umbilical and hiatal hernias are treated through medication and other therapies and in case of groin hernias also surgery is not conducted if visible symptoms or difficulties are absent. Hernia should not be left untreated otherwise it will lead to severe discomfort and complications such as inflammation, strangulation, hemorrhage and autoimmune problems. Even if surgery is done hernia may recur again so continuous monitoring is required.

Prevention

Since the condition is the result of muscle weakening, not much can be done to prevent it. However, the following activities will be helpful in preventing or controlling hernia.

  • Avoid smoking
  • Treat persistent coughing
  • Control body weight
  • Healthy lifestyle and exercises
  • Keep good posture always
  • Avoid lifting heavy objects and straining your body