Enlarged Prostate Treatment (BPH) Treatment & Diagnostics in Karol Bagh, Delhi
Enlarged Prostate Treatment (BPH)
Enlarged prostate, commonly called benign prostatic hyperplasia, is a condition that is characterized by the enlargement of your prostate gland. This disease can lead to uncomfortable urinary symptoms and other related problems. To learn more about benign prostatic hyperplasia, consult a urologist in Karol Bagh.
What is an enlarged prostate?
The prostate is a gland that surrounds the urethra. It produces a liquid that helps carry sperms during ejaculation. In most men, the prostate gland gets enlarged as they age. This condition is neither malignant nor does it lead to malignancy in the future.
What are the symptoms of an enlarged prostate?
The onset of the symptoms of benign prostatic hyperplasia occurs gradually and worsens over time. Here are some of the signs and symptoms of an enlarged prostate:
- Frequent and urgent urination
- Difficulty in urination
- A weak stream of urine
- A stream of urine that stops and starts repeatedly
- Blood in the urine
- Inability to empty the bladder completely
- Urinary tract infections
- Narrowing of the urethra
- Previous surgery in the vicinity
- Kidney and/or bladder stone
- Prostate and/or bladder cancer
- Problems with the surrounding nerves
When do you need to consult a doctor?
If you notice any of the symptoms mentioned above, especially the inability to urinate, seek help from a urology specialist in Karol Bagh. To avoid further complications, visit a doctor even if you are not too worried about your symptoms.
You can request an appointment at Apollo Spectra Hospitals, Karol Bagh, New Delhi.
Call 1860 500 2244 to book an appointment.
What are the causes of benign prostatic hyperplasia?
The exact cause of prostate enlargement is currently unknown. However, it is thought that aging can lead to an imbalance in hormones that in turn leads to prostate enlargement. Here are some of the factors that can influence the enlargement of your prostate:
- Age: Prostate enlargement rarely affects men under the age of 60. As you age, the chances of developing an enlarged prostate increase.
- Family history: Having a blood relative who has a prostate problem puts you at high risk of developing the condition yourself.
- Other conditions and lifestyle: Having diseases such as heart problems and diabetes and/or following detrimental lifestyle practices such as overeating and not exercising can increase your risk of developing an enlarged prostate.
How can an enlarged prostate be treated?
There are several methods of treatment for an enlarged prostate. You will be given an appropriate treatment plan depending on your age, prostate size, medical history and overall health. Here are some common treatment procedures:
- Medication: As with all other conditions, an enlarged prostate is initially treated with medication. Common medications administered to patients are alpha-blockers, 5-alpha reductase inhibitors, combination drug therapy and tadalafil.
- Surgery: A surgical procedure is usually recommended if your symptoms are moderate to severe, medications had no effect or other complications have developed. You can also opt for surgery without trying medications if you want a definitive treatment right from the start. There are some conditions under which you will not be allowed to undergo surgery and hence, your doctor will check your medical history thoroughly before approving the procedure.
- Laser therapy: Laser therapy involves the use of a high-energy laser beam that destroys overgrown prostate tissues. This procedure is safer and more effective than other treatments. There are two types of laser therapies, namely enucleated therapy and ablative therapy. Both procedures aim to eliminate the prostate tissues that block urine flow.
- Embolization: This procedure aims to partially block the blood flow to the prostate gland. This can cause the prostate gland to shrink due to a lack of blood supply.
As an enlarged prostate is benign in nature, it does not pose any serious threat to your life. However, it can cause immense discomfort and lead to other infections and conditions in the vicinity, and hence it is best recommended to get it diagnosed and treated early.
If you leave an enlarged prostate untreated for too long, it can lead to long-term effects such as urinary tract infections, bladder stones, urinary retention, hematuria, urinary incontinence and kidney infections. Get your condition checked as soon as you notice symptoms.
You can get back to your normal activities quickly. However, you will have to use a catheter to urinate for a few days while your body heals from the treatment.
No, an enlarged prostate is not believed to contribute in any way to the development of prostate cancer.