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Vascular Surgery

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Vascular Surgery

If the normal blood flow through your blood vessels is obstructed due to any reason, it is medically termed vascular disease. The body tissues stop receiving the required amount of blood and nutrition, due to the blockage in arteries, veins or capillaries.

Vascular surgery is the most effective treatment procedure for curing vascular problems that adversely affect the circulatory system of the body. You need to contact a reputed doctor known for performing vascular surgery near you.

What is vascular surgery?

Normally, doctors perform vascular surgery on the aorta and other blood vessels of the neck, limbs, abdomen and pelvic region. Usually, a vascular surgeon in Chennai performs open vascular surgery, endovascular surgery or may combine these two surgical techniques as per the condition of his/her patient. Open vascular surgery demands a larger incision than endovascular surgery. Thus, open invasive vascular surgery needs more time for recovery compared to simpler endovascular surgery.

A patient is administered general anesthesia before open vascular surgery whereas local anesthesia is sufficient for most endovascular surgeries. In open vascular surgery, the surgeon makes the incision very close to the blocked blood vessel to clear the obstruction. In endovascular surgery, the surgeon first inserts a wire with contrast-colored dye through the tiny incision to reach the blocked blood vessel. Then more surgical tools are inserted to clear the blockage.

Sometimes, a patient’s condition demands a more complex technique than that of endovascular surgery. In that case, vascular surgery doctors in MRC Nagar may choose to perform a more complicated endovascular surgery to cure the patient.

Who qualifies for vascular surgery?

If a patient experiences all the symptoms of a vascular disease, vascular surgery may be needed. A vascular surgeon near you will further diagnose the reason for those symptoms and recommend vascular surgery as per your health condition.

Request an appointment at Apollo Spectra Hospitals, MRC Nagar, Chennai.

Call 1860 500 2244 to book an appointment.

Why is vascular surgery conducted?

  • When the symptoms of vascular diseases cannot be cured by medications or by changing the lifestyle of a patient, vascular surgery is the only option left. 
  • Formation of blood clots in the veins demands open vascular surgery to clear the clots.
  • Peripheral artery disease can be treated by open vascular surgery or endovascular surgery.
  • Carotid artery disease can lead to cardiac stroke if not treated at the earliest by a vascular surgeon in MRC Nagar.
  •  Aneurysm or a bulge in the arterial wall can be cured by endovascular surgery. 

What are the different types of vascular surgery?

  • Angioplasty is needed to treat blockage in renal arteries.
  • Embolism or shifting of blood clots to other veins can be treated by a special vascular surgery called embolectomy.
  • Endovascular aneurysm repair is the surgery performed on the abdominal aorta, added by stenting.
  • Vein surgery is done for the treatment of varicose veins and spider veins, including vein stripping, phlebectomy and sclerotherapy.
  • Peripheral vascular bypass surgery is done to clear the blockage of peripheral veins.
  • Atherectomy is performed to clear the thickened artery walls, mainly for curing non-coronary arteries.
  • Carotid endarterectomy is done to widen the carotid arteries, to prevent cerebral stroke that could occur due to the lack of oxygen in the brain cells.

What are the benefits of vascular surgery?

Vascular surgery helps in saving patients suffering from various cardiovascular ailments. If this surgery is not done on time, a patient may even die due to stroke or heart failure. Modern tools and techniques used in vascular surgery hospitals in Chennai are efficient in clearing blood vessels, resulting in uninterrupted blood flow to all body muscles.

What are the risks?

  • General or local anesthetics may cause allergic reactions.
  • Profuse bleeding from the incision made on the skin may lead to a huge loss of blood.
  • Irregular heartbeats caused after the surgery may lead to heart failure.
  • Infection may occur where the incision is made for this vascular surgery.

Ref links:

https://www.mayoclinic.org/departments-centers/vascular-and-endovascular-surgery/overview/ovc-20458819
https://www.healthgrades.com/right-care/vascular-conditions/vascular-surgery
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Vascular_surgery

Do I need a vascular surgeon for the treatment of vascular diseases?

Only experienced vascular surgery doctors near you can perform open or endovascular surgery for curing your vascular ailment successfully.

How long do I need to stay at the hospital after the vascular surgery?

You need to stay at the hospital for at least 7–10 days after the open vascular surgery while only 2–3 days of hospital stay is enough for a patient undergoing endovascular surgery.

How much time do I need for recovery after undergoing vascular surgery?

You need complete bed rest for at least 3 months after open vascular surgery while 4-6 weeks of rest at home is needed after endovascular surgery.

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