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Prostate Cancer

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Prostate Cancer Treatment & Diagnostics in MRC Nagar, Chennai

Prostate Cancer

The prostate gland is a tiny gland located in the lower abdomen of men. It is found underneath the bladder and around the urethra. Prostate cancer occurs when an abnormal or dangerous growth of cells known as a tumor develops in the prostate. It is one of the most prevalent types of cancer in men.

Prostate cancer is more common in older men. Prostate cancer can be fatal. Consult a prostate cancer specialist near you and seek treatment as soon as possible, as treatment at an early stage could help save a life.

What are the symptoms of prostate cancer?

  • Urinary infections
  • Frequent urination
  • Retention of urine
  • Incontinence
  • Erectile dysfunction

All of these signs and symptoms might indicate that you have prostate cancer. Prostate cancer may not exhibit any signs in its early stages. Some of the symptoms that occur at a later stage are:

  • Dribbling or pee leakage, most commonly after urinating  
  • Prolonged or delayed start of urinary stream 
  • Urinating with difficulty or not being able to empty the bladder  
  • Urine or sperm with blood 
  • Slow urinary stream 
  • Tenderness or discomfort in the bones, often in the lower back and pelvis

 

The existence of these symptoms does not always imply prostate cancer; other problems might be present as well. Consult a urology doctor in Chennai at the earliest.

What causes prostate cancer?

Like any other type of cancer, the exact cause of prostate cancer is still unknown. Some of the factors that might lead to prostate cancer are:

  • Genetics
  • Exposure to environmental toxins
  • Mutations in your DNA
  • Age
  • Diet
  • Environmental factors
  • Oxidative stress
  • Physical inactivity
  • Reproductive history

Also, habits like smoking, obesity and consuming high levels of calcium can lead to prostate cancer.

When do you need to see a doctor?

Consult your doctor if you are experiencing symptoms of prostate cancer, even if they’re mild. Regular check-up is suggested if there is any family history of prostate cancer.

Symptoms such as blood leakage while urinating or ejaculation and excruciating pain may necessitate a cancer screening right away. Do not hesitate and disclose all the necessary information to your doctor for diagnosing prostate cancer. Over-the-counter medication may give you temporary relief but will make diagnosis difficult.

Request an appointment at Apollo Spectra Hospitals, MRC Nagar, Chennai.

Call 1860 500 2244 to book an appointment.

How is prostate cancer treated?

There is no one-size-fits-all treatment for prostate cancer, but there are lots of alternatives. Before undergoing any treatment, consult your doctor and understand the pros and cons of every treatment.

Some of the treatments available for prostate cancer are:

  • Active surveillance - This treatment is effective at an early stage during which doctors closely monitor prostate cancer by performing tests like prostate-specific antigen (PSA) and digital rectal exam (DRE). Further treatment is suggested if cancer cells tend to grow.
  • Surgery - Prostatectomy, a surgical operation, is performed during which doctors remove the prostate as well as the surrounding tissue.
  • Radiation therapy - When cancer becomes more aggressive, intense treatment is required. High-energy rays are used to kill cancer cells in the body. Radiation treatment can be mainly categorized into two categories— external radiation therapy and internal radiation therapy.
  • Chemotherapy - Special medicines are used to shrink or destroy malignancy during this procedure. Medications might include oral tablets or medicines that are injected into your veins or a combination of both kinds.
  • High-intensity focused ultrasound - This treatment uses high-energy sound waves that target cancer cells and destroy them.

Conclusion

Prostate cancer is cancer detected in a man's prostate, which is a small walnut-sized gland that produces seminal fluid. In most cases, prostate cancer develops slowly, therefore, monitoring is recommended. These cancer cells multiply and become more aggressive with time, necessitating treatment such as radiation, surgery, hormone therapy, chemotherapy or other methods. Recognizing early warning signs and getting treated as soon as possible will help you live a healthy, long and happy life.

Can Prostate cancer occur in young men?

Although studies have shown that prostate cancer is more common in older men, 40 or above, one should visit a doctor if any symptoms are showing up no matter what your age is.

What will happen if prostate cancer is not treated?

Cancer can spread quickly to different areas of the body. If it's left untreated, it may become more aggressive and harder to treat.

How can you prevent prostate cancer?

There is no proven strategy to prevent prostate cancer, living a healthy lifestyle and eating a well-balanced diet can help to lower the risk.

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