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Breast Cancer

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Breast Cancer Treatment & Diagnostics in MRC Nagar, Chennai

Breast Cancer

Breast cancer is found in the cells of a breast and can occur in both men and women. With recent advances in the awareness about breast cancer and early detection methods, the death rate seems to be on the decline. Whenever you feel a lump in your breast or any other abnormality, you should be prompt about consulting a breast surgery specialist near you.

What are the types of breast cancer?

  1. Ductal carcinoma – These are the cancer cells linking the milk duct and growing around the milk duct. It can be ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS) that is located in the duct and does not spread outside the milk duct. Invasive or infiltrating ductal carcinoma are the ones that grow and spread outside the duct.
  2. Invasive lobular carcinoma - This type of cancer cell starts at lobules, and then grows and spreads outside the lobules.
  3. Some rare types include:
    • Medullary
    • Mucinous
    • Tubular
    • Metaplastic
    • Papillary
    • Inflammatory breast cancer - it is a progressive type of cancer that accounts for about 1% to 5% of all breast cancers.

What are the symptoms of breast cancer?

  1. Pain in the nipple area or any area in the breast
  2. Hollow or pit in breast skin
  3. Peeling or redness in the nipple area or the breast
  4. New swelling in the breast or underarm
  5. Any change in the size or shape of the breast

When do you need to see a doctor?

If you notice any of the symptoms mentioned above, visit a breast surgery hospital near you without any delay.

Opt for screening once a year. Lumps, pain, discoloration and spontaneous discharges are signs that you need a doctor’s attention.

Request an appointment at Apollo Spectra Hospitals, MRC Nagar, Chennai.

Call 1860 500 2244 to book an appointment.

What are the risk factors?

Age - Any woman under 45 should schedule a screening on a yearly basis with a breast surgery specialist in Chennai.
Genetic Mutation - a common cause of breast cancer
Menopause - Early menstrual periods before the age of 12 and menopause after the age of 55 expose women to hormones for a longer time, raising their risk of getting breast cancer.
Family history of breast or ovarian cancer - Any woman with a family history of breast or ovarian cancer is most likely to develop cancerous cells that could end up in breast cancer.

How is breast cancer treated?

  1. Lymph node removal and analysis - Cancer cells are generally located in the axillary lymph nodes. It is mandatory to examine them to see whether any of the lymph nodes near the breast has cancer. This information is used to determine the treatment and prognosis.
  2. Radiation therapy - In this treatment process, high-energy X-rays or other particles are used to destroy cancer cells.
  3. Therapies using medication - After a series of examinations, oncologists can prescribe medicines to destroy the cancer cells.

Conclusion

There are two major aspects in breast cancer prevention: early-stage identification and risk elimination. Screening may notify early noninvasive cancers and allow treatment before they become invasive or identify invasive cancers at an early treatable stage.

What is breast cancer?

Malignant tumor that starts in the cells that line the ducts and/or lobes of the breast.

Which type of experts you should see if you think you have breast cancer?

Medical oncologist, surgical oncologist, radiation oncologist, lumpectomy surgeon and breast surgeon.

How is breast cancer prevented?

Maintain a healthy weight - Maintaining an optimum weight will eliminate your chances of getting cancerous cells.
Avoid alcohol and drugs
Be physically active
Limit postmenopausal hormone therapy - Hormone therapy may increase the risk of breast cancer.

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