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Abnormal Menstruations

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Best Abnormal Menstruations Treatment & Diagnostics in MRC Nagar, Chennai

Menstruation or a menstrual cycle involves vaginal bleeding in women as the body prepares itself every month for pregnancy. In the absence of pregnancy, the lining of blood vessels in the uterus sheds off leading to bleeding. The menstrual cycle occurs every 28 days in women lasting for 4-7 days. As a result of hormonal changes or lifestyle disorders, many women suffer from abnormal menstruations. This results in several bodily changes, pain and prolonged menstruation. The condition wherein menstruation is excessively prolonged, heavy or irregular is termed menorrhagia.

What is abnormal menstruation?

Abnormal menstruation disrupts the normal menstrual cycle and is of less than 21 days or more than 35 days. Many women suffer from heavier or lighter bleeding accompanied by pain, cramps, nausea or vomiting. There could be many reasons for the same including fibroids, birth control pills, endometriosis or PCOS.

What are the types of abnormal menstruation?

There are multiple types of abnormal menstruation including the following:

  1. Amenorrhea -This condition occurs when even in the absence of pregnancy, breastfeeding or menopause, a woman in the reproductive phase of life has not started menstruating.
  2. Dysmenorrhea - This refers to painful menstruation along with severe pain experienced by most women.
  3. Oligomenorrhea - In this condition, the menstrual cycle occurs infrequently

What are the symptoms of abnormal menstruation?

There are many symptoms related to abnormal menstruation in women such as:

  1. Menstruation lasting for more than 7 days or no menstruation for more than 90 days even without pregnancy
  2. Bleeding in between 2 menstrual cycles, after menopause or following sex
  3. Heavy bleeding
  4. Vaginal discharge with foul smell
  5. Blood clot of size more than 2.5 cm in menstrual flow
  6. Severe pain, cramp, nausea, vomiting and diarrhea

What causes abnormal menstruation?

Sometimes gain or loss of a significant amount of weight and hormonal imbalance can increase the chances of abnormal menstruation. Other reasons for the same could be:

  1. Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS) - In PCOS, several small, fluid-filled sacs or cysts develop in the ovaries.
  2. Uterine polyps or fibroids - This means non-cancerous growth in the lining of the uterus. 
  3. Endometriosis - It occurs when the endometrial tissue that lines the uterus starts growing outside the uterus and might get attached to the ovaries or fallopian tubes.
  4. Pelvic inflammatory disease - It is a bacterial infection affecting the female reproductive system. 
  5. Adenomyosis - This condition occurs due to embedding of glands of the uterine lining into uterine muscles, thus resulting in heavy bleeding.
  6. Lack of ovulation or anovulation
  7. Birth control pills
  8. Cervical cancer or uterine cancer
  9. Miscarriage or ectopic pregnancy

When do you need to see a doctor?

If you suffer from severe pain during menstruation or between menstruations along with unusually heavy bleeding accompanied by high fever, foul vaginal discharge, nausea and vomiting, then you must consult a gynecologist near you.

Request an appointment at Apollo Spectra Hospitals, MRC Nagar, Chennai.

Call 1860 500 2244 to book an appointment.

What are the risks?

  1. Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome (PCOS)
  2. Thyroid disorder
  3. Cervical or uterine cancer
  4. Endometriosis
  5. Pelvic inflammatory diseases

How are abnormal menstruations prevented?

  1. Maintain a healthy lifestyle and eat nutritious food
  2. Take enough rest and practise relaxation techniques
  3. Avoid excessive sports activities
  4. Change sanitary pads after every 4-6 hours
  5. Use contraceptive pills only prescribed by your doctor

How are abnormal menstruations treated?

Some of the treatment options include:

  1. Supplementing hormones like estrogen and progesterone can create hormonal balance in your body and control heavy bleeding. 
  2. Your doctor can prescribe pain relievers like ibuprofen to lessen the cramps.
  3. Myomectomy is a surgical procedure to remove fibroids.
  4. Anemia can be cured by supplementing with iron-containing medications.
  5. Dilation and curettage (D&C) procedures dilate your cervix and tissues from the lining of the uterus are scraped. 
  6. In women with a risk of uterine cancer, a hysterectomy is performed leading to the surgical removal of the uterus and the cervix.
  7. Endometrial ablation and endometrial resection are the procedures to destroy and remove uterine lining respectively. 

Conclusion

Many women still suffer from abnormal menstruation and don’t get themselves diagnosed earlier. During the initial years of puberty, it doesn’t lead to complications but if this continues in later reproductive years, proper treatment is necessary.

Source

https://www.medicalnewstoday.com/articles/178635#causes

https://www.healthline.com/health/menstrual-periods-heavy-prolonged-or-irregular

https://my.clevelandclinic.org/health/diseases/14633-abnormal-menstruation-periods

https://www.mayoclinic.org/healthy-lifestyle/womens-health/in-depth/menstrual-cycle/art-20047186

Is it possible that I might get periods twice a month?

Yes, you can get periods twice a month during puberty because of the fluctuation of estrogen and progesterone in your body.

Can stress lead to abnormal menstruation?

Stress leads to the secretion of cortisol in your body that affects the menstrual cycle.

What are the risks associated with abnormal menstruation?

Various risks associated with abnormal menstruation include headaches, anemia, severe cramps, dizziness, shortness of breath and rapid heart rate.

When should I start worrying about irregular periods?

If your menstrual cycle is taking more than 35 days or less than 21 days every month and you are under 45, then you must visit a gynecologist.

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