Colorectal Cancer Surgery in MRC Nagar, Chennai
What are Colorectal Problems?
Colorectal problems refer to the set of collective diseases or conditions caused in the large intestine, especially - colon and rectum. They are a part of the gastrointestinal tract and are responsible for absorbing water and essential nutrients from the food we consume. Discomforts associated with the intestine largely affect the cycle of nutrients received by the body, and hence, overall health and wellbeing get affected.
Types of Colorectal Problems
Colorectal problems are a direct indication of an inappropriate diet and unhealthy lifestyle. Common colorectal conditions are -
- Anal fissures – Caused by sexually transmitted diseases.
- Hemorrhoids – Inflammation in the veins.
- Colitis – Also known as ulcerative colitis in simple terms, is inflammation of the colon caused by bacteria, inadequate blood supply, or is a by-product of other colon-related conditions.
- Colon polyps – Polyps are bud-like structures that grow in the colon. Mostly they are harmless, but in some individuals, they can become cancerous.
- Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS)– One of the most common diseases associated with the gastrointestinal tract, it is caused due to bacterial or viral infection in the tract.
- Crohn's disease – It is a subset of irritable bowel syndrome. While the exact cause is unclear, some studies suggest that it is a type of immunity disorder and can be inherited in the next generation.
- Colorectal cancer – Development of cancerous growth in the intestine results from old age, a low-fiber diet rich in fat, a sedentary lifestyle, and genetic inheritance.
What are the Symptoms?
Every disease has its specific symptoms. Some common indicators for all colorectal conditions are -
- Weakness and fatigue
- Persistent abdominal pain, occasional cramps, and other discomforts
- Persistent constipation or diarrhea
- Occasional fever
- Unexplained weight loss
What Causes Colorectal Problems?
Various factors contribute to diminishing colorectal health in an individual. Some of them include -
- Increasing age
- Sedentary lifestyle
- Poor eating and drinking habits
- Genetic inheritance
- It is observed that African American races have higher tendencies of developing colon-related infections.
- Health conditions like obesity, kidney problems, cardiovascular diseases, etc., also impact digestion and overall gut health.
When to See a Doctor?
Discomfort in digestion has various physical and psychological impacts on individuals. It is wise to consult a gastroenterology doctor to discuss chronic or recurring issues related to the gut. However, if you notice any of the following symptoms, consider it as an emergency and request an appointment with a gastroenterology specialist:
- Blood in stool
- Fever that continues beyond five days
- Bloating and abdominal cramps that continue for weeks
- Unexplained weight gain or loss
- Weakness and night sweats
- Visible swelling in the abdominal region
Request an appointment at Apollo Spectra Hospitals, MRC Nagar, Chennai
Call 1860 500 2244 to book an appointment.
Associated Risk Factors and Possible Complications
Gastrointestinal problems are usually painful and cause a lot of distress. However, delaying the treatment for long can further aggravate the condition and cause severe infection that spreads to other vital organs.
In conditions like hemorrhoids and fissures, delaying can cause damage to the inflamed veins and wounds, leading to excessive blood loss.
A healthy lifestyle that includes eating balanced meals, exercise, intake of sufficient amounts of liquids, and proper rest can solve most of your health concerns. Some preventive measures that you can specifically follow to improve your gut health are -
- Chew your food mindfully to ensure proper digestion.
- Consume food rich in calcium and folate, such as leafy vegetables, whole grains, and cereals.
- Include yogurt, which contains gut-friendly bacteria and helps in digestion, in your daily diet.
- Eat your meals 2 to 3 hours before you sleep to allow complete digestion.
- Reduce the consumption of alcohol and cigarettes.
First Line of Treatment
Your doctor will perform some tests and investigations such as colonoscopy, stool test, barium enema, etc., to better understand your condition. Then, treatment will follow based on the condition and your overall health.
While some studies suggest a colon cleanse at home to keep it in good health, it might not be suitable and cause severe inflammation in your system. Hence, it is advisable to consult a colorectal specialist before following these diets.
Improper nutrition can cause various deficiencies and malfunctions in the body. To avoid this, you must consume healthy food and maintain a balanced lifestyle to keep various diseases at bay.
Diarrhea leads to a loss of nutrients and water from the body. A bacterial infection causes it in the system; the consistent bacterial invasion has a long-term impact on the intestine's inner lining. In addition, a chronic condition can lead to other gastrointestinal problems such as IBS, anal fissures, Crohn's disease, etc. Hence, it is advisable to eat healthy and hygienic food that is properly cooked to avoid infection. In case you continue to face difficulties, consult a gastroenterologist.
No, not all conditions related to the intestine require surgery. In most cases, colorectal treatments are done using traditional therapies and over-the-counter medications. Some rare cases that require surgery are mostly minor and non-invasive.
With the advancement in science, most colorectal diseases are reversible and can be cured permanently. However, in some conditions, you might require a long duration of treatment to maintain good health, while in others, a balanced diet and healthy lifestyle prove beneficial. If neglected for long, these conditions can give rise to other fatal diseases such as colorectal cancer.