Sleeve Gastrectomy Treatment & Diagnostics in MRC Nagar, Chennai
Overview of Sleeve Gastrectomy
Being overweight or obese can make an individual feel beleaguered. The feeling is worse when you see others shedding off that extra fat through exercise and diet while you are struggling. However, sometimes things can go beyond your control. At this point, doctors recommend bariatric procedures or obesity control procedures.
Among the different forms of Obesity or Bariatric Surgeries available today, Sleeve Gastrectomy is a safe and remarkably successful method to attain weight loss.
About Sleeve Gastrectomy
Also known as gastric sleeve or vertical sleeve gastrectomy, it is a significant procedure involving the removal of almost 80 percent of the stomach.
In the open or traditional approach, the surgeon makes a big incision in the abdominal region, staples the stomach vertically, and removes most of your stomach. Then with the help of sutures or staples, the surgeon closes the edges of the remaining portion of the stomach. It leaves a narrow tube-shaped part, which is called the sleeve.
With just a small pouch that you can call a stomach, you start feeling full early compared to earlier. Thus, it restricts your food intake. This way, sleeve gastrectomy boosts weight loss. Since one of the parts of the stomach that is removed is the part that produces ghrelin (a hormone that makes you feel hungry), you do not feel much hunger either.
Today, another approach widely popular is the laparoscopic approach. In this, surgeons make 5-6 tiny cuts and complete the surgery using specialized instruments.
Who Qualifies for Sleeve Gastrectomy?
Usually, regular exercise and following a fixed diet can help in weight loss. Yet, many people do not benefit from these.
Sleeve gastrectomy is an option when your attempts to lose weight through other measures have failed to yield results. The criterion for this procedure includes:
- A body mass index (BMI) that is 40 or more than that. (BMI is the value that shows whether you have a healthy weight as per your height)
- If you are suffering from an obesity-associated health condition.
Occasionally, there can be cases where the BMI does not match the criteria, but the patients need to lose weight due to a specific health problem. In such cases too, sleeve gastrectomy is recommended.
Why is this Sleeve Gastrectomy Conducted?
Sleeve gastrectomy ensures substantial weight loss, which can protect you from potential life-threatening obesity-related health issues, such as:
- Cardiovascular diseases
- Type II diabetes
- Joint pain or arthritic problems
- High blood pressure
- Obstructive sleep apnea
What Precautions Do You Need to Take Post-Surgery?
Keep the following points in mind:
- Chew your food properly before swallowing.
- Eat in small portions.
- Avoid drinking while eating, as it might overfill your stomach.
- Avoid high-calorie snacks and drinks.
- Take vitamins and minerals supplements to prevent nutritional deficiency.
- Drink liquids half an hour after finishing your meal.
- Avoid strenuous activity for a minimum of six weeks.
What Benefits Can You Expect from a Sleeve Gastrectomy?
The procedure brings many long-lasting advantages for the patients:
- Improves your heart health
- Long-term respite from type 2 diabetes
- Respite from Depression
- Boosts your confidence level
- Eliminates obstructive sleep apnea
- Relief from joint pain
- Betters fertility
- Positive influence on overall health
Furthermore, the laparoscopic approach offers benefits like smaller incisions, faster recovery, low scarring, lesser blood loss, and more.
What are the Risks of Sleeve Gastrectomy?
With all the advancements happening in the field of healthcare, surgical procedures are becoming safer. Despite this, there are a few risks associated with Sleeve Gastrectomy:
- Excessive bleeding from the surgery site
- Formation of blood clots
- Adverse effects to anesthesia
- Lung or breathing issues
- Irregular heartbeat
- Leaks from the incision in the stomach
There are some long term risks and complications too, which can include:
- Gastrointestinal problems
- Gastroesophageal reflux
- Low blood sugar – Hypoglycemia
Rarely, these complications can result in a fatal outcome.
A sleeve gastrectomy undeniably comes with an appealing range of benefits, which can improve the quality of your life.
However, to enjoy the long-term benefits, you must not miss your follow-up appointments because it allows your doctor to monitor your recovery. Also, follow all the diet-related instructions dedicatedly to prevent any complications.
Yes. Once your surgeon nods, you can start with a moderate exercise regimen. It helps in preventing weight gain and ensures the long-term success of this surgery.
There are a few factors that can contribute to hair loss after a sleeve gastrectomy, which are:
- Rapid weight loss
- Emotional stress related to surgery
- Nutritional deficiencies
In the first week, your diet includes sugar-free, non-carbonated drinks, protein shakes, and then you start with vegetable purees. It takes about 4-5 weeks before your doctor allows you regular food.
It is another common concern related to sleeve gastrectomy. After your body recovers from this surgery, you can talk to your doctor about a skin tightening or skin removal procedure.