Jaw Reconstruction Surgery Treatment & Diagnostics in MRC Nagar, Chennai
Jaw Reconstruction Surgery
Jaw reconstructive surgery is a broad term that encompasses several surgical procedures to be performed on the lower or upper jaw and the chin to improve their functioning and appearance. Doctors also refer to it as orthognathic surgery.
A jaw reconstruction surgery specialist and orthodontist may work together in this surgery. A jaw reconstruction surgery specialist in Chennai will help you either change your appearance or improve jaw functioning or treat sleep apnea.
What Happens During the Procedure?
Jaw reconstruction surgery hospitals in Chennai have the jaw reconstruction surgery doctors near you. The procedure involves the following steps:
- A jaw reconstruction surgeon performs preoperative diagnostics.
- During the surgical procedure, the specialist will make several cuts inside the mouth and may even use tiny bone plates, screws, rubber bands or wires to integrate the bone structure in your mouth. The surgeon will carry out the procedure under general anesthesia.
- In some surgical procedures, surgeons use bone grafts or skin grafts.
If you are looking for a jaw reconstruction surgery specialist in Chennai,
request an appointment at Apollo Spectra Hospitals, MRC Nagar, Chennai.
Who is Eligible for this Procedure?
You may be eligible for the surgery if you have the following problems:
- Incorrect facial alignment
- Severe obstructive sleep apnea
- Cleft palate
- Temporomandibular joint disorder
Why is Jaw Reconstruction Surgery Conducted?
You will require surgery to rectify your facial problems. A jaw reconstruction surgery specialist will perform the procedure to correct the following problems:
- Improve the chewing and biting actions by properly aligning the teeth
- Rectify speech and swallowing problems
- Minimize the wear and breakdown of your teeth
- Correct the geometry of the face, such as the small chin
- Ensure complete closure of your lips
- Relieve painful conditions of the mandibular joint
- Repair facial defects or birth defects such as a cleft palate
- Provide relief from obstructive sleep apnea
What are the Different Types of the Surgery?
Jaw reconstructive surgery involves several procedures. These are as follows:
- Osteotomy: It is a procedure for repositioning the jaw with the help of titanium screws and plates after cutting it.
- Distraction Osteogenesis: In this procedure, a jaw reconstruction surgery specialist splits the jaw bone and moves it with the help of screws inside or outside the mouth.
- Bone grafts: Surgeons may reconstruct a new jaw structure using bones from the ribs, skull or hips.
- Cleft lip and palate surgery in children: It is a corrective surgery needed due to incomplete growth of the jaw.
- Genioplasty: This helps correct a small chin.
What are the Benefits of Jaw Reconstruction Surgery?
Jaw reconstruction surgery offers several benefits:
- Helps overcome crossbite, overbite and underbite by aligning the jaw.
- Improves the facial appearance through genioplasty.
- Improves the function of the jaw and eases swallowing and chewing.
- Prevents the need for tracheostomy in patients who need airway clearance.
- Cures severe obstructive sleep apnea.
Is there any Risk Associated with Jaw Reconstruction Surgery?
These are as follows:
- Excess blood loss
- Nerve injury
- Jaw fracture
- Root canal treatment for some teeth
- Relapse of the jaw to the original position
- Jaw joint pain
- Further surgery
Jaw reconstruction surgery treatment in Chennai is available for improving the appearance and functions of the jaw. It is safe, and you recover within 12 weeks of the surgery.
American Society of Plastic Surgeons. Orthognathic surgery [Internet]. Available at: https://www.plasticsurgery.org/reconstructive-procedures/orthognathic-surgery. Accessed on Jun 23, 2021.
Mayoclinic. Jaw surgery [Internet]. Available at: https://www.mayoclinic.org/tests-procedures/jaw-surgery/about/pac-20384990. Accessed on Jun 23, 2021.
Johns Hopkins Medicine. Plastic and reconstructive surgery [Internet]. Available at: https://www.hopkinsmedicine.org/plastic_reconstructive_surgery/services-appts/jaw_problems.html. Accessed on Jun 23, 2021.
Khechoyan DY. Orthognathic surgery: general considerations. Semin Plast Surg. 2013 Aug;27(3):133-6. doi: 10.1055/s-0033-1357109. PMID: 24872758; PMCID: PMC3805731.
After the surgery, doctors may put you under observation in the ICU and later shift to a normal room for 2-3 days. After four days, they will discharge you.
Before the surgery, a surgeon will ask for X-rays, CT scans and virtual planning through 3D models. He/she may also assess your speech before the surgery.
Yes, the surgery can remove malocclusion of teeth and treat the problems of overbite, underbite or open bite.