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Cervical Biopsy

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Best Cervical Biopsy Treatment & Diagnostics in MRC Nagar, Chennai

A cervical biopsy is a procedure that involves taking a small amount of tissue from your cervix for diagnosing a certain disease. This procedure is done when a person is suspected of having an abnormality that was detected during a pelvic exam or pap smear.

This procedure is performed in the outpatient department and takes up to 15 minutes to be completed. After the procedure is completed, the patient can go home on the same day.

What is a Cervical Biopsy?

A cervical biopsy, also known as colposcopy, is a medical procedure that involves taking a small part of your tissue from your cervix, which is the part of your body located between your uterus and vagina. A cervical biopsy is conducted when an abnormality has been found during your pelvic routine.

It is ideal to schedule your cervical biopsy 1 week after your periods. It will allow the doctor to get a clean sample. Your doctor will ask you to stop taking any medication and stay away from alcohol and cigarettes from a week before the surgery. Your doctor will also ask you to refrain from using pads, tampons, vaginal cream, or engage in sexual intercourse 24 hours before the surgery.

On the day of the surgery, you will be asked to lay down on a table with your legs in stirrups. Your doctor will administer local anesthesia before beginning the procedure. The doctor will insert an instrument called a speculum. It allows the vaginal canal to stay open while the doctor takes the sample. Your cervix will then be cleaned with a mixture of vinegar and water and the area will be swabbed with iodine. It is called the Schiller test which allows the doctor to detect any abnormality easily. Using forceps or a scalpel, the doctor will remove the abnormal growth from your cervix.

Once the surgery is completed, your cervix will be cleaned with an absorbent material to control the bleeding. After the surgery, you can go home after a little rest. Your doctor will recommend that you do not put anything inside your vagina for a week.

Who qualifies for Cervical Biopsy?

A cervical biopsy is performed as a way of detecting signs of cervical cancer or any abnormality found during the pelvic exam. What qualifies you for a cervical biopsy are:

  • You have been diagnosed with Human Papillomavirus (HPV). HPV is a sexually transmitted infection (STI) contracted due to skin-to-skin contact or sexual intercourse.
  • Cervical cancer
  • Any cancerous growth or tumor 
  • Excessive bleeding
  • Genital warts 

Why is Cervical Biopsy conducted?

A cervical biopsy is performed to detect the signs of cervical cancer or any abnormality found during the pelvic examination. This procedure allows the doctor to remove the cancerous or pre-cancerous growth before it becomes worse. 

Types of Cervical Biopsy

There are three types of cervical biopsies. They are:

  • Punch Biopsy - In this, your cervix is covered in a dye to make it easier for the doctor to find the abnormality. The doctor uses forceps that resembles a paper hole puncher to take out the small tissue from your cervix. 
  • Cone Biopsy - As the name suggests, the doctor removes the cone-shaped tissues from your cervix using a scalpel.
  • Endocervical Curettage - In this procedure, the doctor uses an instrument called a curette to remove tissues from the endocervical canal. 

Risks or Complications of Cervical Biopsy

A cervical biopsy is a relatively safe method with few side-effects. But there can be some risks associated with the procedure. They are:

  • Infections
  • Pain in the pelvis
  • Yellow vaginal discharge
  • Excessive bleeding

Thus it can be said that,

A cervical biopsy is a surgical procedure that includes taking a small amount of tissue from your cervix. This procedure is done when an abnormality or cancer is detected during a pelvic examination. 

This procedure is performed as an OPD procedure and takes up to 15 minutes. After the procedure is complete, the patient can go home on the same day. Excessive bleeding, high fever, pelvic pain after the surgery would require another visit to your doctor. It takes up to 1 week to recover from a cervical biopsy. 

References

https://www.healthline.com/health/cervical-biopsy#results
https://www.webmd.com/cancer/cervical-cancer/do-i-need-colposcopy-and-cervical-biopsy
https://www.verywellhealth.com/cervical-biopsy-513848
https://www.hopkinsmedicine.org/health/treatment-tests-and-therapies/cervical-biopsy

How long does it take to recover from this surgery?

Up to 1 week.

When should I see a doctor?

If you experience pelvic pain, excessive bleeding, smelly vaginal discharge or high fever, you must visit your doctor.

What does a negative result of the biopsy mean?

If your biopsy results are negative, it means everything is normal!

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