Best Bladder Cancer Treatment in MRC Nagar, Chennai
Bladder cancer is a type of cancer that begins in your bladder, a hollow muscular organ in your lower abdomen that holds your urine.
More often than not, cancer cells grow in the urothelial cells that line the inside of your bladder. These cells are found in your ureters and kidneys as well. You can develop urothelial cancer in your ureter and kidney too. However, it is much more common in your bladder.
Usually, most cases of bladder cancer are diagnosed at the initial stages, when the treatment options are more effective. But even with early-stage bladder cancer, the risk of cancer recurring after successful treatment is relatively high.
To seek treatment, you can consult a urology doctor near you or visit a urology hospital near you.
What are the types of bladder cancer?
The three types of bladder cancer are:
- Transitional cell carcinoma
It is the most common type of bladder cancer. Transitional cell carcinoma develops in the transitional cells in the inner layer of your bladder. Transitional cells are a type of cells in your bladder that change shape when stretched without getting damaged.
- Squamous cell carcinoma
It is a rare type of bladder cancer and develops after the formation of thin and flat squamous cells in your bladder. These cells develop after long-term infection or irritation in the bladder.
Adenocarcinoma is also a rare type of bladder cancer. It develops when glandular cells start to form in your bladder after a long-term inflammation or infection.
What are the symptoms of bladder cancer?
Each individual with bladder cancer experiences different symptoms. For instance, you may notice blood in your urine but no pain while urinating. However, you should pay particular attention to these symptoms:
- Painful urination
- Increased urge to urinate
- Frequent urination
- Pain in the lower back
- Pain in the abdominal area
What causes bladder cancer?
The exact causes of bladder cancer are not known yet. However, doctors believe that it occurs when abnormal cells begin to grow and multiply rapidly in your bladder tissue.
When do you need to see a doctor?
If you experience any of the symptoms mentioned above, immediately consult a bladder cancer specialist in Chennai.
Request an appointment at Apollo Spectra Hospitals, MRC Nagar, Chennai.
Call 1860 500 2244 to book an appointment.
What are the risk factors associated with bladder cancer?
Factors that increase your risk of developing bladder cancer include:
- Low fluid consumption
- Chronic bladder infections
- Excessive cigarette smoking
- Eating a high-fiber diet
- Family history of bladder cancer
- Exposure to cancer-causing chemicals
How is bladder cancer treated?
After considering certain factors such as the type, location and severity of your bladder cancer, your doctor will recommend a treatment plan for you.
The standard treatment options include:
- Transurethral resection of bladder tumor (TURBT)
This surgical procedure removes cancer cells confined to the inner layers of the bladder only. The surgeon will use a cystoscope and pass an electric wire loop into your bladder. The electric wire loop will then burn or cut away the cancer cells from the bladder. In some cases, the doctor may even use a high-energy laser.
This procedure is performed through your urethra, and hence, you will have no cuts on your abdomen.
This surgical procedure involves partial or complete removal of your bladder.
In a partial cystectomy, the surgeon will only remove a part of your bladder that contains the cancerous cells.
The surgeon may perform a complete cystectomy to remove the entire bladder along with the surrounding lymph nodes. In women, along with the bladder, the surgeon may also remove the ovaries, uterus and a part of the vagina. In men, the surgeon may remove the seminal vesicles and prostate with the bladder.
- Bladder preservation
In some cases, where people with muscle-invasive bladder cancer may not want to undergo surgery to get the organ removed completely, the doctor may recommend a combination of treatment options. This approach includes combining TURBT, radiation therapy and chemotherapy.
An early diagnosis of bladder cancer increases your chances of avoiding severe complications. If you experience the symptoms of bladder cancer, consult with a bladder cancer specialist near you.
Usually, low-grade bladder cancer looks like normal bladder cells and hence, spreads slowly. However, high-grade bladder cancer is more likely to grow and spread quickly.
You may experience:
- The need to urinate but not being able to
- Burning sensation or pain while urinating
- Frequent need to urinate at night
- Blood or blood clots in urine
Yes, bladder cancer may feel like a urinary tract infection because most symptoms overlap. However, if you experience the symptoms of bladder cancer, consult a bladder cancer specialist near you. They may be able to provide a proper diagnosis of your symptoms.