Kidney Diseases Treatment in MRC Nagar, Chennai
The kidneys are a pair of bean-shaped organs located on each side of your body. Their function is to filter excess water, waste products and toxins out of your body. These waste materials are stored in your bladder and later removed from the body through urination.
Kidney diseases occur when your kidneys get damaged and fail to perform their functions. Damage to the kidneys may be caused by high blood pressure, diabetes and other severe medical conditions. Kidney diseases can also lead to other medical problems such as malnutrition, damage to the nerves and weak bones. If your kidneys remain damaged for a prolonged period of time, they may stop working altogether.
What are the types of kidney diseases?
The common types of kidney diseases include:
- Kidney stones
Kidney stones occur when minerals crystallize in the kidney and form solid masses known as stones. These stones come out of your body when you urinate. Although passing kidney stones through urine can be painful, they rarely cause severe problems.
If you experience severe pain while urinating, consult a kidney stone specialist in Chennai for a confirmed diagnosis.
- Polycystic kidney disease
It is a genetic disorder that causes the growth of small cysts that look like tiny sacs of fluid in your kidney. The cysts can interfere with kidney functions and cause failure.
- Urinary tract infections
Urinary tract infections are bacterial infections that can affect any part of your urinary tract. More commonly, these infections affect the bladder and the urethra. In most cases, they do not cause any severe complications and are usually treatable. However, if left untreated, the infection can spread to the kidneys and cause failure.
What are the symptoms of kidney diseases?
In most cases, the symptoms of kidney diseases go unnoticed unless they become severe.
The early warning signs of kidney diseases include:
- The urge to urinate frequently, especially at night
- Trouble sleeping
- Trouble concentrating
- Swollen ankles or feet
- Puffy eyes in the morning
- Dry and scaly skin
What are the causes of kidney diseases?
The leading causes of kidney diseases are high blood pressure and diabetes. However, you can develop kidney diseases because of the following factors too:
- Excessive smoking
- Being obese
- Heart and blood vessels diseases
- Family history of kidney diseases
- Abnormal structure of the kidney
When should you visit a doctor?
Make an appointment with a doctor if you experience the symptoms of kidney diseases mentioned above.
Request an appointment at Apollo Spectra Hospitals, MRC Nagar, Chennai.
Call 1860 500 2244 to book an appointment.
What are the treatment options for kidney diseases?
Treatment of kidney diseases will focus on controlling the causes of a disease.
The standard treatment options for kidney diseases include:
If your high blood pressure is causing damage to your kidneys, your doctor may prescribe medication to treat it. You may get angiotensin receptor blockers such as olmesartan and irbesartan or angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors such as ramipril or lisinopril.
In some cases, the doctor may prescribe these medications even if you do not have high blood pressure. It will help preserve your kidney functions.
If the damage to your kidneys is severe and they are close to failing, the doctor may recommend an artificial method of filtering blood, known as dialysis.
Many people who suffer from severe kidney damage have to undergo a kidney transplant or remain on permanent dialysis.
There are two types of dialysis:
In this type of dialysis, your blood is pumped through a machine that filters out all toxins from it. Hemodialysis can be performed at your home, hospital or in a dialysis centre.
- Peritoneal dialysis
A tube is implanted and used to fill a liquid called dialysate in your abdomen for peritoneal dialysis. The peritoneum, a membrane that lines your abdominal wall, works in place of the kidneys. The waste products from the blood flow into the dialysate through the peritoneum. Then, the dialysate is drained from your abdomen.
Keeping the kidneys healthy is the key to managing kidney diseases. If you experience the symptoms related to kidney diseases, consult a kidney disease specialist near you as early as possible.
Water helps remove the toxins and waste materials from your kidneys in the form of urine. It also helps keep your blood vessels open so that blood can flow freely to your kidneys without causing an obstruction.
If diagnosed and treated early, the chances of curing kidney diseases are good. However, with chronic kidney diseases, there is no cure. Their treatment includes measures to help reduce the signs and symptoms and preserve kidney function.
A blood test measures the levels of waste products in your blood. The doctor considers the level of the waste products in your blood, along with your age, height, weight and gender, to calculate how many milliliters of waste your kidneys should be able to filter in a minute.